գայլ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

գայլ (gayl)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Old Armenian գայլ(gayl). The inherited form is գել(gel).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գայլ ‎(gayl)

  1. wolf

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *waylos. Possibly cognate with Middle Irish fáel, from Proto-Celtic *waylos. The Armenian and Celtic words are usually explained as ‘the howler’ and derived from Proto-Indo-European *way-; compare Old Armenian վայ(vay), Middle Irish fae(alas). Replaced the usual Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos(wolf) due to taboo. Georgian მგელი(mgeli), Laz მგერი(mgeri) and Mingrelian გერი(geri) are probably borrowed from Armenian.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

գայլ ‎(gayl)

  1. wolf
    գայլ մատակ‎ ― gayl matak ― she-wolf
    կորիւն գայլոյ‎ ― koriwn gayloy ― wolf's cub
    ցնկնիլ գայլոյ‎ ― cʿnknil gayloy ― whelping
    ոռնալ գայլոյ‎ ― oṙnal gayloy ― howling
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the above sense of “wolf” on the model of Ancient Greek λύκος(lúkos), meaning both “wolf” and “bit for a horse”. Compare also Latin lupus(wolf; bit with jagged teeth).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

գայլ ‎(gayl)

  1. muzzle, cover for nose and mouth, bit
    գայլ ի բերան ածել, արկանել, հարկանել‎ ― gayl i beran acel, arkanel, harkanel ― to gag
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “գայլ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “գայլ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “գայլ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 196