գայլ

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Armenian[edit]

գայլ (gayl)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Old Armenian գայլ ‎(gayl). The inherited form is գել ‎(gel).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գայլ ‎(gayl)

  1. wolf

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *wai-lo-. Possibly cognate with Middle Irish fáel, from Proto-Celtic *way-lo-. The Armenian and Celtic words are usually explained as ‘the howler’ and derived from Proto-Indo-European *wai-; compare Old Armenian վայ ‎(vay), Middle Irish fae ‎(alas). Replaced the usual Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos ‎(wolf) due to taboo. Georgian მგელი ‎(mgeli), Laz მგერი ‎(mgeri) and Mingrelian გერი ‎(geri) are probably borrowed from Armenian.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

գայլ ‎(gayl

  1. wolf
    գայլ մատակgayl matak ― she-wolf
    կորիւն գայլոյkoriwn gayloy ― wolf's cub
    ցնկնիլ գայլոյcʿnknil gayloy ― whelping
    ոռնալ գայլոյoṙnal gayloy ― howling
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the above sense of “wolf” on the model of Ancient Greek λύκος ‎(lúkos), meaning both “wolf” and “bit for a horse”. Compare also Latin lupus ‎(wolf; bit with jagged teeth).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

գայլ ‎(gayl

  1. muzzle, cover for nose and mouth, bit
    գայլ ի բերան ածել, արկանել, հարկանելgayl i beran acel, arkanel, harkanel ― to gag
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • գայլ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • գայլ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • գայլ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 196