գայլ

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Armenian[edit]

գայլ

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Old Armenian գայլ (gayl). The inherited form is գել (gel).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գայլ (gayl)

  1. wolf

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Traditionally derived from Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos (wolf)[1][2], but there are great phonetic problems.

Therefore others prefer derivation from Proto-Indo-European *waylos with Middle Irish fáel, from Proto-Celtic *waylos, as a cognate. The Armenian and Celtic words are usually explained as ‘the howler’ and derived from Proto-Indo-European *way-; compare Old Armenian վայ (vay), Middle Irish fae (alas). Replaced the usual Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos (wolf) due to taboo.[3]

Georgian მგელი (mgeli), Laz მგერი (mgeri) and Mingrelian გერი (geri) are probably borrowed from Armenian.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

գայլ (gayl)

  1. wolf
    գայլ մատակgayl matakshe-wolf
    կորիւն գայլոյkoriwn gayloywolf's cub
    ցնկնիլ գայլոյcʿnknil gayloywhelping
    ոռնալ գայլոյoṙnal gayloyhowling
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 42–43
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “գայլ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 196

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “գայլ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “գայլ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

Etymology 2[edit]

From the above sense of “wolf” on the model of Ancient Greek λύκος (lúkos, wolf; bit for a horse).[1] Compare also Latin lupus (wolf; bit with jagged teeth).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

գայլ (gayl)

  1. muzzle, cover for nose and mouth, bit
    գայլ ի բերան ածել, արկանել, հարկանելgayl i beran acel, arkanel, harkanelto gag
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “գայլ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press