գի

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian գի ‎(gi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գի ‎(gi)

  1. Synonym of գիհի ‎(gihi)
  2. (dialectal) cypress

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Since Lidén derived from Proto-Indo-European *wey(H)- ‎(to twine, weave, wind) (the reconstruction of the root is disputed), because of juniper's flexible branches used in plaiting or weaving, extended with *-t- or *-s-. See the cognates in *wéh₁itis.

Georgian ღვია ‎(ɣvia, juniper) is borrowed from Proto-Armenian.

The Proto-Indo-European form from which գի ‎(gi) is descended has been variously reconstructed as *wītā ‎(willow) (Ačaṙean, who also asks whether the Georgian borrowing ღვია ‎(ɣvia) preserves the final ), *wey(H)-t- (Martirosyan), *wī̆so- or *weyso- or *woyso- from *wey-s- ‎(to twist, wind around) (Lidén, Pokorny, Mallory/Adams).

Noun[edit]

գի ‎(gi)

  1. juniper (tree)
  2. juniper (wood)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “գի”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 119
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “գի”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Łazarean, Ṙ. S. (2000), “գի”, in Tʿosunean G. B., editor, Grabari baṙaran [Dictionary of Old Armenian] (in Armenian), Yerevan: University Press
  • Lidén, Evald (1905–1906), “Baumnamen und Verwandtes”, in Indogermanische Forschungen[1] (in German), volume 18, pages 494–498
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “գի”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 554ab
  • Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1944), “Haykakankʿ A [Armeniaca I]”, in Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR: Social Sciences[2] (in Armenian), volume 5, pages 27–28
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “Haykakankʿ (Armeniaca)”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 627
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959), “²ueis-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1133
  • Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 644a
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 212