դանդանաւանդ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an Iranian compound, whose constituents are cognate with Persian دندان(dandân, tooth) and بند(band, tie).

Noun[edit]

դանդանաւանդ (dandanawand)

  1. bit (piece of metal placed in a horse's mouth and connected to the reins to direct the animal)
    Synonym: սանձ (sanj)
    • 5th century, Bible, Job 40.26:[1]
      Եթէ կապիցե՞ս անուր ի քիթս նորա․ անցուցանիցե՞ս դանդանաւանդ ընդ կզակս նորա։
      Etʿē kapicʿe?s anur i kʿitʿs nora; ancʿucʿanicʿe?s dandanawand ənd kzaks nora.
      • Translation by Claude E. Cox
        Will you attach a ring in its snout? Will you pass a bit through its chin?

Usage notes[edit]

In Job, translates Ancient Greek ψέλιον (psélion).

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: դանդանավանդ (dandanavand)

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V., “դանդանաւանդ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English]‎[1], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, 1879
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M., “դանդանաւանդ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language]‎[2] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, 1836–1837
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay, “դանդանաւանդ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words]‎[3] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, 1971–1979
  • Perixanjan, A. G., Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskovo jazyka. Častʹ I [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language. Part 1] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, 1993, page 59

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cox, Claude E., Armenian Job: reconstructed Greek text, critical edition of the Armenian with English translation (Hebrew University Armenian studies; 8), Leuven – Paris – Dudley, MA: Peeters, 2006, page 260