եւ

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See also: -եւ and և

Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • և ‎(ew)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From ե + ւ. The typographical variant և ‎(ew) is a ligature of these two symbols.

Letter[edit]

եւ

  1. The 37th letter of Armenian alphabet according to the spelling reform of the Armenian language of 1922-1924. Represents [ɛv] (but [jɛv] word-initially). Transliterated as ew.
Usage notes[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian եւ ‎(ew); see it for more.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • յեվ ‎(yev) (reformed orthography spelling in 1922–1940)

Conjunction[edit]

եւ ‎(ew)

  1. (somewhat formal) and
Synonyms[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi ‎(at, near).

Conjunction[edit]

եւ ‎(ew)

  1. and; also, likewise
    եւ ..., եւ ...‎ ― ew ..., ew ... ― both ... and ...
    եւ ոչ‎ ― ew očʿ ― neither, no, nor
    ոչ մին եւ ոչ միւսն‎ ― očʿ min ew očʿ miwsn ― neither; neither one nor the other
    եւ երիտասարդ եւ ծերք‎ ― ew eritasard ew cerkʿ ― both young and old
    եւ այլն‎ ― ew ayln ― et cetera, and so on
    եւ այն զի, եւ այս զի‎ ― ew ayn zi, ew ays zi ― the more so
    եւ արդ‎ ― ew ard ― now, then
    եւ եւս‎ ― ew ews ― also, more, over, still, moreover, likewise
    եւ զի, եւ քանզի‎ ― ew zi, ew kʿanzi ― since, because
    չեւ, չեւ եւս‎ ― čʿew, čʿew ews ― not yet; not till now
    չեւ տեսեալ‎ ― čʿew teseal ― before seeing

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: եւ ‎(ew)

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “եւ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “եւ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “եւ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian[1] (pdf), Zagreb, page 10