զինչ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Accusative of ինչ (inčʿ), composed of nota accusativi զ- (z-) +‎ ինչ (inčʿ).

Pronoun[edit]

զինչ (zinčʿ)

  1. (interrogative) who? which? what? how? why?
    զի՞նչ կերիցուք, կամ զի՞նչ արբցուք, կամ զի՞նչ զգեցցուքzi?nčʿ kericʿukʿ, kam zi?nčʿ arbcʿukʿ, kam zi?nčʿ zgecʿcʿukʿ ― what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, or what ye shall put on?
    զ՞ինչ է ինձz?inčʿ ē inj ― what does it matter?
    զի՞նչ կամիքzi?nčʿ kamikʿ ― what do you like?
    զի՞նչ խնդրէքzi?nčʿ xndrēkʿ ― what are you seeking?
    զի՞նչ աղագաւzi?nčʿ ałagaw ― why? for what cause?
    զի՞նչ օրինակzi?nčʿ ōrinak ― in what manner?
    զի՞նչ ասիցենzi?nčʿ asicʿen ― what will they say?
    զի՞նչ ինչzi?nčʿ inčʿ ― what?
    զի՞նչ ինչ առնել էր եւ ես ոչ արարիzi?nčʿ inčʿ aṙnel ēr ew es očʿ arari ― what is that which I ought to have done and have not done?
    զի՞նչ ապաzi?nčʿ apa ― what? what then?
    զի՞նչ ժամ էzi?nčʿ žam ē ― what o'clock is it?
    զի՞նչ ասէzi?nčʿ asē ― what says he?
    առ զի՞նչ իցէaṙ zi?nčʿ icʿē ― to what purpose?
  2. (relative) that, which, what
    զինչ եւ իցէzinčʿ ew icʿē ― whatever, whichever
    զինչ էն/էին/էումնzinčʿ ēn/ēin/ēumn ― nature, substance, state of a thing

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • զինչ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • զինչ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • զինչ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy