զինչ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Accusative of ինչ (inčʿ), composed of nota accusativi զ- (z-) +‎ ինչ (inčʿ).

Pronoun[edit]

զինչ (zinčʿ)

  1. (interrogative) who? which? what? how? why?
    զի՞նչ կերիցուք, կամ զի՞նչ արբցուք, կամ զի՞նչ զգեցցուքzi?nčʿ kericʿukʿ, kam zi?nčʿ arbcʿukʿ, kam zi?nčʿ zgecʿcʿukʿwhat ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, or what ye shall put on?
    զ՞ինչ է ինձz?inčʿ ē injwhat does it matter?
    զի՞նչ կամիքzi?nčʿ kamikʿwhat do you like?
    զի՞նչ խնդրէքzi?nčʿ xndrēkʿwhat are you seeking?
    զի՞նչ աղագաւzi?nčʿ ałagawwhy? for what cause?
    զի՞նչ օրինակzi?nčʿ ōrinakin what manner?
    զի՞նչ ասիցենzi?nčʿ asicʿenwhat will they say?
    զի՞նչ ինչzi?nčʿ inčʿwhat?
    զի՞նչ ինչ առնել էր եւ ես ոչ արարիzi?nčʿ inčʿ aṙnel ēr ew es očʿ arariwhat is that which I ought to have done and have not done?
    զի՞նչ ապաzi?nčʿ apawhat? what then?
    զի՞նչ ժամ էzi?nčʿ žam ēwhat o'clock is it?
    զի՞նչ ասէzi?nčʿ asēwhat says he?
    առ զի՞նչ իցէaṙ zi?nčʿ icʿēto what purpose?
  2. (relative) that, which, what
    զինչ եւ իցէzinčʿ ew icʿēwhatever, whichever
    զինչ էն/էին/էումնzinčʿ ēn/ēin/ēumnnature, substance, state of a thing

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “զինչ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “զինչ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “զինչ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy