զինչ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Accusative of ինչ(inčʿ), composed of nota accusativi զ-(z-) +‎ ինչ(inčʿ).

Pronoun[edit]

զինչ ‎(zinčʿ)

  1. (interrogative) who? which? what? how? why?
    զի՞նչ կերիցուք, կամ զի՞նչ արբցուք, կամ զի՞նչ զգեցցուք‎ ― zi?nčʿ kericʿukʿ, kam zi?nčʿ arbcʿukʿ, kam zi?nčʿ zgecʿcʿukʿ ― what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, or what ye shall put on?
    զ՞ինչ է ինձ‎ ― z?inčʿ ē inj ― what does it matter?
    զի՞նչ կամիք‎ ― zi?nčʿ kamikʿ ― what do you like?
    զի՞նչ խնդրէք‎ ― zi?nčʿ xndrēkʿ ― what are you seeking?
    զի՞նչ աղագաւ‎ ― zi?nčʿ ałagaw ― why? for what cause?
    զի՞նչ օրինակ‎ ― zi?nčʿ ōrinak ― in what manner?
    զի՞նչ ասիցեն‎ ― zi?nčʿ asicʿen ― what will they say?
    զի՞նչ ինչ‎ ― zi?nčʿ inčʿ ― what?
    զի՞նչ ինչ առնել էր եւ ես ոչ արարի‎ ― zi?nčʿ inčʿ aṙnel ēr ew es očʿ arari ― what is that which I ought to have done and have not done?
    զի՞նչ ապա‎ ― zi?nčʿ apa ― what? what then?
    զի՞նչ ժամ է‎ ― zi?nčʿ žam ē ― what o'clock is it?
    զի՞նչ ասէ‎ ― zi?nčʿ asē ― what says he?
    առ զի՞նչ իցէ‎ ― aṙ zi?nčʿ icʿē ― to what purpose?
  2. (relative) that, which, what
    զինչ եւ իցէ‎ ― zinčʿ ew icʿē ― whatever, whichever
    զինչ էն/էին/էումն‎ ― zinčʿ ēn/ēin/ēumn ― nature, substance, state of a thing

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “զինչ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “զինչ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “զինչ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy