լավաշ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian *լաւաշ ‎(*lawaš), a by-form of լաւշ ‎(lawš), whence լոշ ‎(loš).

The ultimate origin is uncertain.

According to Ačaṙyan, we are dealing with a Semitic borrowing. Compare Samaritan Aramaic ࠋࠅࠔ ‎(lwš [lūš], dough), Aramaic ליש ‎(layš), לישא ‎(layšā, dough), Classical Syriac ܠܝܫܐ ‎(layšā, lump of dough), absolute state ܠܝܫ ‎(layš), all from the Aramaic base לוש ‎(lwš, to knead). Further compare Akkadian [script needed] ‎(līšu, dough, paste), [script needed] ‎(lâšu, to knead), Hebrew לַיִשׁ ‎(láyiš, dough), לָשׁ ‎(lāš, to knead), Arabic لاث ‎(laṯ, to dip a slice in oil), لواثة ‎(luwāṯa, flour powder sprinkled for preventing stickiness of dough).

On the other hand, Martirosyan tentatively connects լավաշ ‎(lavaš) with dialectal լափ ‎(lapʿ), լուփ ‎(lupʿ), լովազ ‎(lovaz, palm, flat of the hand), լափուկ ‎(lapʿuk), լեփուկ ‎(lepʿuk, flat, polished stone for playing), լավազ ‎(lavaz, very thin) and assumes derivation from Proto-Armenian *law-, *lapʿ- ‎(flat) +‎ -աշ ‎(-aš). For further origin compare Proto-Germanic *lōfô ‎(the palm or hollow of the hand), Russian ла́па ‎(lápa, paw), Latin lapis ‎(stone, milestone), Ancient Greek λέπας ‎(lépas, bare rock, mountain), Ibero-Romance *lappa ‎(stone plate), all of which may go back to Proto-Indo-European *lóHp-eh₂- or *léh₃p-eh₂- or be borrowed from a substrate language.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

լավաշ ‎(lavaš) ‎(traditional orthography spelling լաւաշ)

  1. lavash

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 305
  • լօշ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume 4, Armeniaca appendix, page 639
  • "lw$", "ly$" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Aḥmad ʻĀṣim (translator) (1250 [1834]), Al-uqiyānūs al-basīt, translation from Arabic into Ottoman Turkish of Fīrūzābādī's Al-qāmūs al-muhīt, in 3 vols (second edition), Constantinople, volume I, pages 364, 365