լավաշ

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Armenian[edit]

Լավաշ

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A dialectal word, unattested in Old or Middle Armenian. Related to synonymous Middle Armenian լաւշ (lawš) / լօշ (lōš), whence լոշ (loš). The same word is found in neighbouring languages: Persian لواش(lavâš), Talysh ləvoş, Georgian ლავაში (lavaši),Turkish lavaş, dialectal loş (Malatya), Azerbaijani lavaş, Turkmen lawaş, Tatar ләвәш (läwäş), Northern Kurdish lewaş, loş, lûşe, Central Kurdish لەواشە(lewaşe), Zazaki levaş, lewaş, lawaşe, lebaş, lebaşe, lebaşi, labaş, labaşe, lavaşi, all referring to types of flat bread. Some of these may be borrowed from Armenian. Lavash is usually considered an Armenian bread. Ačaṙean reports that in Tehran it is called نان ارمنی(nân-e armani, literally Armenian bread).

Almost certainly ultimately of Semitic origin: compare Samaritan Aramaic ࠋࠅࠔ(lwš /lūš/, dough), Jewish Aramaic לַיְשָׁא / לֵישָׁא(layšā, lēšā, dough), Classical Syriac ܠܝܫܐ(layšā, lump of dough), Akkadian 𒇷𒄿𒋙 (/līšu/, dough, paste), Biblical Hebrew לַיִשׁ(láyiš, dough), and particularly Assyrian Neo-Aramaic ܠܵܘܵܫܵܐ(lāwāšā, a flap of thin bread), Hulaulá lawaša (long pitta bread), Lishán Didán lawaša, lwaša (flat thin cake of bread), all from a verb Proto-Semitic *lawaṯ- (to wind, to wallow) which means in the Aramaic languages “to knead”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

լավաշ (lavaš)

  1. lavash
    Synonym: լոշ (loš)
  2. (figurative) very long text

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: lavash
  • Russian: лава́ш (laváš)

Further reading[edit]

  • lwš”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973) , “լօշ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 308a
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979) , “Haykakankʿ (Armeniaca)”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 639
  • Chyet, Michael L. (2003) , “loş”, in Kurdish–English Dictionary, with selected etymologies by Martin Schwartz, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, page 359a
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010) , “լաւշ”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, pages 292–293
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 305