լավաշ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian *լաւաշ(*lawaš), a by-form of լաւշ(lawš), whence լոշ(loš).

The ultimate origin is uncertain.

According to Ačaṙyan, we are dealing with a Semitic borrowing. Compare Samaritan Aramaic ࠋࠅࠔ(lwš [lūš], dough), Aramaic ליש(layš), לישא(layšā, dough), Classical Syriac ܠܝܫܐ(layšā, lump of dough), absolute state ܠܝܫ(layš), all from the Aramaic base לוש(lwš, to knead). Further compare Akkadian [script needed](līšu, dough, paste), [script needed](lâšu, to knead), Hebrew לַיִשׁ(láyiš, dough), לָשׁ(lāš, to knead), Arabic لاث(laṯ, to dip a slice in oil), لواثة(luwāṯa, flour powder sprinkled for preventing stickiness of dough).

On the other hand, Martirosyan tentatively connects լավաշ(lavaš) with dialectal լափ(lapʿ), լուփ(lupʿ), լովազ(lovaz, palm, flat of the hand), լափուկ(lapʿuk), լեփուկ(lepʿuk, flat, polished stone for playing), լավազ(lavaz, very thin) and assumes derivation from Proto-Armenian *law-, *lapʿ-(flat) +‎ -աշ(-aš). For further origin compare Proto-Germanic *lōfô(the palm or hollow of the hand), Russian ла́па(lápa, paw), Latin lapis(stone, milestone), Ancient Greek λέπας(lépas, bare rock, mountain), Ibero-Romance *lappa(stone plate), all of which may go back to Proto-Indo-European *lóHp-eh₂- or *léh₃p-eh₂- or be borrowed from a substrate language.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

լավաշ ‎(lavaš) ‎(traditional orthography spelling լաւաշ)

  1. lavash

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 305
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “լօշ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “Haykakankʿ (Armeniaca)”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 639
  • lw$”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Fīrūzābādī (1250 Rumi calendar [=1834 AD]) Al-uqiyānūs al-basīt[1], volume I, translated from Arabic into Ottoman Turkish by Aḥmad ʻĀṣim, 2nd edition, Constantinople, pages 364, 365