տարգալ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Traditionally considered inherited from Proto-Indo-European *dr̥w-, zero-grade from *dóru (tree).[1][2][3][4] Spoons were made of wood. Among the cognates compare especially Sanskrit दर्वि (dárvi-, spoon).

More likely borrowed from Anatolian, from the same Proto-Indo-European root: compare Luwian [script needed] (taruu̯al-, mortar), Hittite [script needed] (taru̯āli-, an implement used for grinding or crushing, probably pestle).[5][6]

Noun[edit]

տարգալ (targal)

  1. spoon
    տարգալ միtargal mispoonful
    խորոփիք տարգալիxoropʿikʿ targalibowl of a spoon

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dervischjan, P. Seraphin (1877) Armeniaca I: Das Altarmenische (in German), Vienna: Mechitharisten Buchdruckerei, page 54
  2. ^ Dervischjan (Tērvišean), P. Seraphin (1885) Hndewropakan naxalezu [Proto-Indo-European Language] (in Armenian), Constantinople: Nšan K. Pērpērean, page 101
  3. ^ Lidén, Evald (1906) Armenische Studien (in German), Göteborg: Wald. Zachrissons, page 66
  4. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “տարգալ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 384–385
  5. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2013), “The place of Armenian in the Indo-European language family: the relationship with Greek and Indo-Iranian”, in Journal of Language Relationship[1], issue 10, pages 106–107
  6. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2015), “Notes on Anatolian loanwords in Armenian”, in International Conference “Armenian language contacts through the ages” (12–15 May 2015, St. Petersburg, Institute for linguistic studies, Russian Academy of sciences)[2], Paper presented at a conference, pages 10–11

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “տարգալ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “դրգալ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “տարգալ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “դրգալ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy