ց-

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See also: ց, գ, Յ, Ց, , -ց-, and ɡ

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ց- (cʿ-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ց- (cʿ-)

  1. till, until, up to
    ց- (cʿ-) + ‎տեսություն (tesutʿyun, seeing) → ‎ցտեսություն (cʿtesutʿyun, till seeing, good bye)

Derived terms[edit]



Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Ačaṙean, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *(a)d-sḱ-, grown from the zero-grade of *ád (near, at). This is accepted by J̌ahukyan.

Preposition[edit]

ց- (cʿ-)

  1. (with accusative) till, until, up to
    ցայսօրcʿaysōruntil today
    ցերեկcʿerekdaytime, the period till evening
    մինչեւ ցայժմminčʿew cʿayžmuntil now
    մինչեւ ցե՞րբminčʿew cʿe?rbto or till when?
    մինչեւ ցօրս ցայսminčʿew cʿōrs cʿaysup to this day
    ցայդ վայր եկեսցեսcʿayd vayr ekescʿesheither shalt thou come, come thus far!
    ցմեծ ժամսcʿmec žamsfor long time
    կասկածեմ ցառաւօտն, եւ հասեալ յառաւօտն՝ երկնչիմ ցերեկոյնkaskacem cʿaṙawōtn, ew haseal yaṙawōtn, erknčʿim cʿerekoynsuspicions assail me till morning light, from break of day fear torments me till evening
  2. (with accusative) sometimes used in a dative sense
    ասէ ցնաasē cʿnasays to him
    ասէ ցՏէրasē cʿTērhe says to the Lord

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: ց- (cʿ-)

References[edit]

  • Abrahamyan, Ašot (1976) Grabari jeṙnark [A Handbook of Old Armenian] (in Armenian), 4th edition, Yerevan: Luys
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ց”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 111
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ց”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy