ց-

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See also: ց and

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ց- ‎(cʿ-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ց- (c’-)

  1. till, until, up to
    տեսություն ‎(tesutʿyun) (tesut’yun) — seeing
    ցտեսություն (c’tesut’yun) — till seing (good bye)

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Ačaṙean, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *(a)d-sḱ-, grown from the zero-grade of *ád ‎(near, at). This is accepted by J̌ahukyan.

Preposition[edit]

ց- ‎(cʿ-)

  1. (with accusative) till, until, up to
    ցայսօր‎ ― cʿaysōr ― until today
    ցերեկ‎ ― cʿerek ― daytime, the period till evening
    մինչեւ ցայժմ‎ ― minčʿew cʿayžm ― until now
    մինչեւ ցե՞րբ‎ ― minčʿew cʿe?rb ― to or till when?
    մինչեւ ցօրս ցայս‎ ― minčʿew cʿōrs cʿays ― up to this day
    ցայդ վայր եկեսցես‎ ― cʿayd vayr ekescʿes ― heither shalt thou come, come thus far!
    ցմեծ ժամս‎ ― cʿmec žams ― for long time
    կասկածեմ ցառաւօտն, եւ հասեալ յառաւօտն՝ երկնչիմ ցերեկոյն‎ ― kaskacem cʿaṙawōtn, ew haseal yaṙawōtn, erknčʿim cʿerekoyn ― suspicions assail me till morning light, from break of day fear torments me till evening
  2. (with accusative) sometimes used in a dative sense
    ասէ ցնա‎ ― asē cʿna ― says to him
    ասէ ցՏէր‎ ― asē cʿTēr ― he says to the Lord

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: ց- ‎(cʿ-)

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ց”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ց”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Abrahamyan, Ašot (1976) Grabari jeṙnark [A Handbook of Old Armenian] (in Armenian), 4th edition, Yerevan: Luys
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 111