إشتيام

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See also: اشتيام

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Aramaic אִישְׁתְּיָאמָא(ʾištyāmā) / ܐܸܫܬܝܵܡܵܐ(ʾeštyāmā, captain), assumed to be from Akkadian 𒊮𒌓 (ŠA₃.TAM /šatammu/, administrator, chief accountant), from Sumerian 𒊮𒌓 (ŠA₃.TAM /šatam/, auditor, administration official), having passed into Aramaic as */šətammā/*/šətēmā//ištēmā/, then misvocalized and spoken instead of אִשְׁתֵּימָא(ʾištēmā) as אִשְׁתְּיָמָא(ʾištyāmā) and written plene אִישְׁתְּיָאמָא(ʾištyāmā).

Noun[edit]

إِشْتِيَام (ʾištiyāmm (plural أَشَاتِمَة(ʾašātima))

  1. (obsolete) captain
    Synonyms: رُبَّان(rubbān), قُبْطَان(qubṭān)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Agius, Dionisius A. (2008) Classic Ships of Islam. From Mesopotamia to the Indian Ocean (Handbook of Oriental Studies; 92), Leiden: Brill, page 328
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 222
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 293
  • Kaufman, Stephen A. (1974) The Akkadian Influences on Aramaic (The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago Assyriological Studies; 19)‎[1], Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, →ISBN, page 101
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “إشتيام”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 1503c
  • Rundgren, Frithjof (1961), “Semitische Wortstudien”, in Orientalia Suecana[2], volume 10, pages 100–104
  • ˀštym”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • šatam [OFFICIAL]”, in The Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary, University of Pennsylvania, 2006