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From the root अर्च् (arc, to shine, praise), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁erkʷ (to praise). Cognate with Old Armenian երգ (erg, song), Tocharian A yärk, Tocharian B yarke (worship, veneration).


ऋच् (ṛ́cf

  1. praise, verse, especially a sacred verse recited in praise of a deity (as opposed to the सामन् (sāman) or verses which were sung and to the यजुस् (yajus) or sacrificial words, formularies, and verses which were muttered)
  2. sacred text
  3. the collection of the ṛc verses, i.e. the Rigveda
  4. the text of the Pūrvatāpanīya


Declension of ऋच्
Nom. sg. ऋक् (ṛk)
Gen. sg. ऋचः (ṛcaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ऋक् (ṛk) ऋचौ (ṛcau) ऋचः (ṛcaḥ)
Vocative ऋक् (ṛk) ऋचौ (ṛcau) ऋचः (ṛcaḥ)
Accusative ऋचम् (ṛcam) ऋचौ (ṛcau) ऋचः (ṛcaḥ)
Instrumental ऋचा (ṛcā) ऋग्भ्याम् (ṛgbhyām) ऋग्भिः (ṛgbhiḥ)
Dative ऋचे (ṛce) ऋग्भ्याम् (ṛgbhyām) ऋग्भ्यः (ṛgbhyaḥ)
Ablative ऋचः (ṛcaḥ) ऋग्भ्याम् (ṛgbhyām) ऋग्भ्यः (ṛgbhyaḥ)
Genitive ऋचः (ṛcaḥ) ऋचोः (ṛcoḥ) ऋचाम् (ṛcām)
Locative ऋचि (ṛci) ऋचोः (ṛcoḥ) ऋक्षु (ṛkṣu)


ऋच् (ṛc)

  1. Alternative form of अर्च् (arc)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0225