क्लेश

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Sanskrit[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root क्लिश् (kliś, to torment, trouble, suffer)

Noun[edit]

क्लेश (kleśam

  1. pain, affliction, distress, pain from disease, anguish
  2. (Hinduism, Buddhism) in yoga, the five kleśas are named avidyā 'ignorance', asmitā 'egotism', rāga 'desire', dveśa 'aversion' and abhiniveśa 'tenacity of mundane existence'

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of क्लेश (kleśa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative क्लेशः
kleśaḥ
क्लेशौ
kleśau
क्लेशाः / क्लेशासः¹
kleśāḥ / kleśāsaḥ¹
Vocative क्लेश
kleśa
क्लेशौ
kleśau
क्लेशाः / क्लेशासः¹
kleśāḥ / kleśāsaḥ¹
Accusative क्लेशम्
kleśam
क्लेशौ
kleśau
क्लेशान्
kleśān
Instrumental क्लेशेन
kleśena
क्लेशाभ्याम्
kleśābhyām
क्लेशैः / क्लेशेभिः¹
kleśaiḥ / kleśebhiḥ¹
Dative क्लेशाय
kleśāya
क्लेशाभ्याम्
kleśābhyām
क्लेशेभ्यः
kleśebhyaḥ
Ablative क्लेशात्
kleśāt
क्लेशाभ्याम्
kleśābhyām
क्लेशेभ्यः
kleśebhyaḥ
Genitive क्लेशस्य
kleśasya
क्लेशयोः
kleśayoḥ
क्लेशानाम्
kleśānām
Locative क्लेशे
kleśe
क्लेशयोः
kleśayoḥ
क्लेशेषु
kleśeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899), “क्लेश”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 0324.
  • Arthur Anthony Macdonell (1893), “क्लेश”, in A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press
  • Otto Böhtlingk; Richard Schmidt (1879-1928), “क्लेश”, in Walter Slaje, Jürgen Hanneder, Paul Molitor, Jörg Ritter, editors, Nachtragswörterbuch des Sanskrit [Dictionary of Sanskrit with supplements] (in German), Halle-Wittenberg: Martin-Luther-Universität, published 2016