चन्दन

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit चन्दन (candana).

Noun[edit]

चन्दन (candanm (Urdu spelling چندن‎)

  1. sandalwood

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually derived from चन्दति (candati, to shine), but probably a Dravidian borrowing: compare Tamil [script needed] (cāntu, Santalum tree), [script needed] (cāntam, sandalwood), Malayalam [script needed] (cāntu, sandal paste).

Noun[edit]

चन्दन (candanam

  1. sandalwood

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of चन्दन
Nom. sg. चन्दनः (candanaḥ)
Gen. sg. चन्दनस्य (candanasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चन्दनः (candanaḥ) चन्दनौ (candanau) चन्दनाः (candanāḥ)
Vocative चन्दन (candana) चन्दनौ (candanau) चन्दनाः (candanāḥ)
Accusative चन्दनम् (candanam) चन्दनौ (candanau) चन्दनान् (candanān)
Instrumental चन्दनेन (candanena) चन्दनाभ्याम् (candanābhyām) चन्दनैः (candanaiḥ)
Dative चन्दनाय (candanāya) चन्दनाभ्याम् (candanābhyām) चन्दनेभ्यः (candanebhyaḥ)
Ablative चन्दनात् (candanāt) चन्दनाभ्याम् (candanābhyām) चन्दनेभ्यः (candanebhyaḥ)
Genitive चन्दनस्य (candanasya) चन्दनयोः (candanayoḥ) चन्दनानाम् (candanānām)
Locative चन्दने (candane) चन्दनयोः (candanayoḥ) चन्दनेषु (candaneṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1956) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 373
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “ճանդան”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 183b
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2014), “Armenian čandari ‘plane tree’”, in Iran and the Caucasus[1], volume 18, issue 1, pages 51–63
  • Lokotsch, Karl (1927) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der europäischen Wörter orientalischen Ursprungs (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter’s Universitätsbuchhandlung, § 1825, page 145a