กรุงเทพมหานคร

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From กรุง (grung, city; city-state) +‎ เทพ (têep, god) +‎ มหา (má-hǎa, great; high) +‎ นคร (ná-kɔɔn, city; city-state); literally "city of gods, great city".

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic กรุงเทพมหานคร
k r u ŋ e d b m h ā n g r
Phonemic กฺรุง-เทบ-มะ-หา-นะ-คอน
k ̥ r u ŋ – e d ɓ – m a – h ā – n a – g ɒ n
Paiboon grung-têep-má-hǎa-ná-kɔɔn
(Bangkok) IPA(key) /kruŋ˧.tʰeːp̚˥˩.ma˦˥.haː˩˩˦.na˦˥.kʰɔːn˧/
Audio

Proper noun[edit]

กรุงเทพมหานคร (grung-têep-má-hǎa-ná-kɔɔn)

  1. (historical) Ayodhya, an ancient city in India.
  2. (historical) Ayutthaya, an ancient kingdom in Thailand.
  3. (historical) Thon Buri, an ancient kingdom in Thailand.
  4. (historical) Rattanakosin Kingdom, an ancient kingdom based on present-day Bangkok, Thailand.
  5. Bangkok, the capital city of Thailand, formally used from 14 December 1972, formerly known as พระนคร (prá-ná-kɔɔn) and นครหลวง (ná-kɔɔn-lǔuang) respectively, also known as บางกอก (baang-gɔ̀ɔk). Abbreviation: กรุงเทพฯ (grung-têep)
  6. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, the local government of Bangkok. Abbreviation: กทม. (gɔɔ-tɔɔ-mɔɔ)