Ἀρταξέρξης

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Ancient Greek[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier Ἀρταξέσσης (Artaxéssēs), assimilated to the name Ξέρξης (Xérxēs)[1], borrowed from Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎠 (Artaxšaçā-), itself from 𐎠𐎼𐎫 (Arta, truth, justice, right order) + *xšaçā- (power, empire)[2].

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Proper noun[edit]

Ἀρταξέρξης (Artaxérxēsm (genitive Ἀρταξέρξου); first declension

  1. Artaxerxes

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: Αρταξέρξης (Artaxérxis)
  • Latin: Artaxerxēs

Further reading[edit]

  1. ^ Rüdiger Schmitt (December 15, 1986), "Artaxerxes", Encyclopædia Iranica
  2. ^ Tavernier, Jan (2007) Iranica in the Achaemenid Period (ca. 550-330 B.C.): Lexicon of Old Iranian Proper Names and Loanwords, Attested in Non-Iranian Texts, Peeters Publishers, →ISBN, page 13