Compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀀𐀯𐀹𐀊 (a-si-wi-ja). There is no current consensus on the origin of the word. It originally applied only to Anatolia, and was later extended to its current definition. Likely an extension from or related to Hittite 𒀸𒋗𒉿 (aš-šu-wa /Aššuwa/, “northwest Anatolia”) of uncertain origin, but perhaps from:
- A proposed Aegean language family word asis, meaning “muddy” or “silty”, as reference to the silty eastern shores of the Aegean sea.
- Akkadian 𒀀𒍮 (a-ṣu, “to go out, to rise”), a reference to the rising sun, hence “land of the sunrise”; this is however potentially problematic as the Aššuwa league was west not east of the Hittite polity. Compare also Εὐρώπη (Eurṓpē).
- Alternatively from the same Akkadian, in the sense of “rising, rising up, to leave, to depart”. The Aššuwa league was formed after initial Hittite incursions into the western peninsula as a collation to balk advancement; described as a rebellion, an uprising or a breaking away of lands on the fringe of Hittite control. A reconciliation between the two could be found as one sense providing the meaning for western Asia-minor in the Hittite view and the other for the sense of the direction in a general sense by the Akkadian terminology. For the early Greeks both the league and the sunrise coincided in the same direction.
The first vowel is short in prose and long in verse.
- Ἄσιος (Ásios)
- Ἀσία in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- Ἀσία in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
- Ἀσία in the Diccionario Griego–Español en línea (2006–2021)
- Ἀσία in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
- G773 in Strong, James (1979) Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible
- Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
- asia idem, page 44.
- Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, pages 1,002, 1,003
- ^ Room, Adrian. Place Names of the World, 2nd ed., McFarland & Co., 2006.