ἵλαος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *selh₂- (mercy, comfort), with the first vowel borrowed from the reduplicated present stem *si-sl̩h₂-, as in ἱλάσκομαι (hiláskomai), and then further analogically shortened in ἱλαρός (hilarós) and ἱλάειρα (hiláeira). Variation in the second probably analogical after νᾱός (nāós) : νεώς (neṓs), λᾱός (lāós) : λεώς (leṓs).

Cognate with Old Armenian աղաչեմ (ałačʿem, to pray), Latin sōlor (to comfort), Gothic 𐍃𐌴𐌻𐍃 (sēls, good, kind), Icelandic sæll (happy), German selig (overjoyed), English silly.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
 
  • Note: the normally short α is found scanned as long in some instances.
  • Adjective[edit]

    ῑ̔́λαος (hī́laosm or f (neuter ῑ̔́λαον); second declension

    1. propitious, gracious, merciful
    2. kind, mild, gentle

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]