あかん

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A contraction from the idiom 埒が明かぬ (rachi ga akanu, not get up to speed, not get off the ground, literally the fence doesn't open). akanu is an archaic negative form of the verb 明く (aku, to open, to open up).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

あかん (katakana アカン, rōmaji akan)

  1. Negative form of あく (aku)
  2. (Kansai) to make little progress; a waste of time
  3. (Kansai) something that is not good, something that is forbidden
     (さけ)あかん
    sake wa akan
    alcohol is forbidden
    • 1984, 若山かほる (lyrics), “道頓堀人情”, performed by 鏡五郎:
       ()けたらあかん
      maketara akan
      you must not give in

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN