πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒ½

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Gothic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

πŒ°π†- (af-) +‎ *π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒ½ (*taurnan), from Proto-Germanic *turnanΔ…, from Proto-Indo-European *der-; compare Proto-Germanic *teranΔ… (English tear).

Verb[edit]

πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒ½ β€’ (aftaurnan)

  1. to be torn, rent
    • Gothic Bible, Luke 5:36b:
      𐌰𐌹𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌿 𐌾𐌰𐌷 πƒπŒ° 𐌽𐌹𐌿𐌾𐌰 πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒΉπŒ³, 𐌾𐌰𐌷 𐌸𐌰𐌼𐌼𐌰 π†πŒ°πŒΉπ‚πŒ½πŒΎπŒΉπŒ½ 𐌽𐌹 πŒ²πŒ°π„πŒΉπŒΌπŒΉπŒ³ πŒΈπŒ°π„πŒ° πŒ°π† 𐌸𐌰𐌼𐌼𐌰 𐌽𐌹𐌿𐌾𐌹𐌽.
      aiΓΎΓΎau jah sa niuja aftaurnid, jah ΓΎamma fairnjin ni gatimid ΓΎata af ΓΎamma niujin.
      Otherwise, both the new will be torn, and that [which was taken] out of the new does not match the old.

Conjugation[edit]

Class 4 weak
Infinitive πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒ½
aftaurnan
Indicative Present Past Present passive
1st singular πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°
aftaurna
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ°
aftaurnōda
2nd singular πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒΉπƒ
aftaurnis
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πƒ
aftaurnōdΔ“s
3rd singular πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒΉπŒΈ
aftaurniΓΎ
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ°
aftaurnōda
1st dual πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πƒ
aftaurnōs
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏ
aftaurnōdΔ“du
2nd dual πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°π„πƒ
aftaurnats
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπ„πƒ
aftaurnōdΔ“duts
1st plural πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒΌ
aftaurnam
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒΌ
aftaurnōdΔ“dum
2nd plural πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒΉπŒΈ
aftaurniΓΎ
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒΈ
aftaurnōdΔ“duΓΎ
3rd plural πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒ½πŒ³
aftaurnand
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒ½
aftaurnōdΔ“dun
Subjunctive Present Past Present passive
1st singular πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒΏ
aftaurnau
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΎπŒ°πŒΏ
aftaurnōdΔ“djau
2nd singular πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒΉπƒ
aftaurnais
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπƒ
aftaurnōdΔ“deis
3rd singular πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒΉ
aftaurnai
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΉ
aftaurnōdΔ“di
1st dual πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒΉπ…πŒ°
aftaurnaiwa
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπ…πŒ°
aftaurnōdΔ“deiwa
2nd dual πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒΉπ„πƒ
aftaurnaits
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπ„πƒ
aftaurnōdΔ“deits
1st plural πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒΉπŒΌπŒ°
aftaurnaima
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒΌπŒ°
aftaurnōdΔ“deima
2nd plural πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒΉπŒΈ
aftaurnaiΓΎ
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒΈ
aftaurnōdΔ“deiΓΎ
3rd plural πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°
aftaurnaina
πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½π‰πŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°
aftaurnōdΔ“deina
Imperative
2nd singular πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½
aftaurn
3rd singular πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒ³πŒ°πŒΏ
aftaurnadau
2nd dual πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°π„πƒ
aftaurnats
2nd plural πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒΉπŒΈ
aftaurniΓΎ
3rd plural πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒ½πŒ³πŒ°πŒΏ
aftaurnandau
Present Past
Participles πŒ°π†π„πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ°πŒ½πŒ³πƒ
aftaurnands

Related terms[edit]