- -ῖτις (-îtis) feminine
- Suffix forming a masculine noun: one connected to, a member of; one from a particular place (demonym)
Originally forming generic adjectives, such as πολ-ίτης (pol-ítēs, “one from the city, citizen”) from πόλις (pólis, “city”); ὁπλ-ίτης (hopl-ítēs, “one with armour, hoplite”) from ὅπλον (hóplon, “large shield”).
But by the Hellenistic period, both the masculine -ίτης and the feminine -ῖτις became very productive in forming technical terms for products, diseases, minerals and gems (adjectives with elliptic λίθος (líthos, “stone”)), ethnic designations and Biblical tribal names. These technical uses survive in modern languages in Greek loanwords for diseases (in -itis), for minerals (in -ite) and for nations, tribes or religious sects (plurals in -ites), partly also in common nouns such as hermit.
|Case / #||Singular||Dual||Plural|
|Dialectal forms:||1-ῑ́τᾱς (Aeolic, Doric)
2-ῑ́τᾱο / -ῑ́τε͜ω / -ῑ́τω (Epic); -ῑ́τᾱ (Aeolic, Doric)
- Latin: -ītēs