-ցի

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian -ցի(-cʿi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ցի ‎(-cʿi)

  1. Denoting persons originating from a certain place.
    եվրոպացի‎ ― evropacʿi ― European
    ֆրանսիացի‎ ― fransiacʿi ― Frenchman
    արտասահմանցի‎ ― artasahmancʿi ― foreigner

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-skiyo-, composed of the suffixes *-sko- and *-iyo-.

Suffix[edit]

-ցի ‎(-cʿi)

  1. Forming adjectives.
    խելք‎ ― xelkʿ ― brains
    խելացի‎ ― xelacʿi ― intelligent
  2. Denoting persons originating from a certain place.
    Քանան‎ ― Kʿanan ― Canaan
    քանանացի‎ ― kʿananacʿi ― Canaanite
    Հռովմ‎ ― Hṙovm ― Rome
    հռովմայեցի‎ ― hṙovmayecʿi ― Roman
    Փարպի‎ ― Pʿarpi ― Parpi (a village in Armenia)
    փարպեցի‎ ― pʿarpecʿi ― someone from Parpi
  3. Forming adverbs.
    մուրց‎ ― murcʿ ― fist
    մուրցացի‎ ― murcʿacʿi ― with the fists
    աք‎ ― akʿ ― leg
    աքացի‎ ― akʿacʿi ― with legs

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: -ցի(-cʿi)

References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-ացի, -եցի, -ցի”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48