-ցի

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian -ցի ‎(-cʿi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ցի

  1. Appended to a place name to denote a person originating from that place.
    Եվրոպա ‎(Evropa) — Europe
    եվրոպացի ‎(evropacʿi) — European
    Ֆրանսիա ‎(Fransia) — France
    ֆրանսիացի ‎(fransiacʿi) — Frenchman
    արտասահման ‎(artasahman) — abroad
    արտասահմանցի ‎(artasahmancʿi) — foreigner

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-skiyo-, composed of the suffixes *-sko- and *-iyo-.

Suffix[edit]

-ցի ‎(-cʿi)

  1. Forming adjectives.
    խելք‎ ― xelkʿ ― brains
    խելացի‎ ― xelacʿi ― intelligent
  2. Denoting persons originating from a certain place.
    Քանան‎ ― Kʿanan ― Canaan
    քանանացի‎ ― kʿananacʿi ― Canaanite
    Հռովմ‎ ― Hṙovm ― Rome
    հռովմայեցի‎ ― hṙovmayecʿi ― Roman
    Փարպի‎ ― Pʿarpi ― Parpi (a village in Armenia)
    փարպեցի‎ ― pʿarpecʿi ― someone from Parpi
  3. Forming adverbs.
    մուրց‎ ― murcʿ ― fist
    մուրցացի‎ ― murcʿacʿi ― with the fists
    աք‎ ― akʿ ― leg
    աքացի‎ ― akʿacʿi ― with legs

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: -ցի ‎(-cʿi)

References[edit]

  • -ացի, -եցի, -ցի” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi