Appendix:Finnish nominal inflection/vanhempi

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KOTUS type 16 (vanhempi) NSK type 22 (suurempi)

Comparative adjectives and the word kumpi, all ending with -mpi; mpmm consonant gradation.

Inflection stem replaces -i with -a-/-ä-, which is dropped before plural marker -i-. Partitive ending -a/ and genitive plural ending -en.


back vowels
(contains a, o or u)
front vowels
(no a, o or u)

Consonant gradation detail[edit]


grade mp → mm
nominative strong isompi
genitive weak isomman
partitive strong isompaa
elative weak isommasta
illative strong isompaan

Complete declension example highlighting consonant gradation (mp → mm)[edit]