Appendix:Na'vi

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NOTE: The dictionary at Wikibooks is more complete and up-to-date than the list here, and excludes words which have not been confirmed, several of which are spurious.

Na’vi is the constructed language of the Na’vi, the indigenous race of the fictional moon Pandora in the 2009 film Avatar. It was created by Paul Frommer, a professor at the Marshall School of Business with a doctorate in linguistics. Na’vi was designed to fit director James Cameron's intention for the film and to be pronounceable by the actors, but to not closely recall any single human language. As of 2009, it had a vocabulary of a thousand words. Some of these are shown here.

Ä, ì, rr, ll, ng (= g), ts (= c), kx, px, tx are alphabetized as distinct letters from a, i, r, l, n, t, k, p. Frommer's preferred orthography, with g for ng and c for ts, is included in parentheses where it differs from the orthography of the movie scripts. Where the location of the stress is known, it is indicated in the IPA transcription. “Short plurals” are included where they occur.

Most of the words are taken from the appendix of Avatar: A Confidential Report on the Biological and Social History of Pandora (the "Survival Guide"). Some errors have been corrected, such as “neu” for new. However, it would appear that stress placement is often wrong; there are also additional words, mostly plant and animal names, elsewhere in this book, and some of these, such as iveh k’nivi s’dir “baby carrier/sling” and nikt’chey “food wrap“, are not possible Na’vi words.

For each word, the most reliable source is given. The sources are, from least to most reliable: [SG text] Avatar: A Confidential Report on the Biological and Social History of Pandora (the Survival Guide), main text; [AG] James Cameron's Avatar: The Game; [SG] Survival Guide, appendix; [AF] Avatar (the film); [FE] e-mail correspondence with Dr. Paul Frommer; [FM] public message from Dr. Paul Frommer.


Table of Contents:  ’ A Ä C E F G H I Ì K Kx L M N Ng O P Px R S T Tx Ts U V W Y Z · links


[edit]

'ampi v.tr. /ˈʔam.pi/, infix '·amp·i [.]

touch

'angtsìk ('agcìk) n. /ʔaŋ.tsɪk/, pl. angtsìk [AG] ?

a Hammerhead Titanothere
'angtsìkä kxll n. /ʔaŋ.tsɪ.kæ kʼl̩/ [AG] ? sp. axe ('hammerhead charge')

'aw num. /ˈʔaw/, attr. 'awa N. a'aw [SG]

one
'awpo pn. /ʔaw.po/ [SG] one individual
'awsiteng ('awsiteg) adv. /ʔaw.si.ˈtɛŋ/ [SG] together
'awstengyem ('awstegyem) v.tr. /ʔaw.stɛŋ.ˈjɛm/, infix 'awstengy··em [.] join (yem put)
'awve adj. /ˈʔaw.vɛ/, attr. 'awvea N. a'awve [FE] first
nì'awve adv. /nɪ.ˈʔaw.vɛ/ first
nì'aw adv. /nɪ.ˈʔaw/ only ('aw one)
nì'awtu adv. /nɪ.ˈʔaw.tu/ alone (as one person)
volaw num. /vo.ˈlaw/, attr. volawa N. avolaw nine (octal 11)

'awkx n. /ˈʔawkʼ/ [SG]

a cliff

'awm

?
tì'awm si v. /tɪ.ˈʔawm si/, infix tì'awm s··i [.] camp

'ärìp v.tr. /ˈʔæ.ɾɪp/, infix '·är·ìp [.]

move (cf. rikx)
kä'ärìp v.tr. /kæ.ˈæ.ɾɪp/ [.] push
za'ärìp v.tr. /za.ˈʔæ.ɾɪp/ [.] pull

'e'al adj. /ˈʔɛ.ʔal/, attr. 'e'ala N. a'e'al [SG]

worst

'efu v. /ˈʔɛ.fu/, infix '·ef·u [.]

perceive, sense, feel

'eko v. /ˈʔɛ.ko/, infix '·ek·o [.]

attack

'ekong ('ekog) n. /ˈʔɛ.koŋ/, pl. ekong [SG]

a beat (rhythmic)
"'ekong te'lanä" /ˈʔɛ.koŋ tɛʔ.ˈla.næ/ the beat of the hearts

'em v. /ˈʔɛm/, infix '··em [.]

cook

'engeng ('egeg) ?. /ˈʔɛ.ŋɛŋ/ [SG]

a level (?), to level (?), level (?)

'eveng ('eveg) n. /ˈʔɛ.vɛŋ/, du. meveng, tri. pxeveng, pl. eveng, ayeveng [AF]

a child
'evi n. /ˈʔɛ.vi/, du. mevi, tri. pxevi, pl. evi, ayevi [SG] kid (affectionate form of 'eveng)

'ewan adj. /ˈʔɛ.wan/, attr. 'ewana N. a'ewan [FM]

young

'ewll n. /ˈʔɛwl̩}/ [FM]

plant

'eylan n. /ˈʔɛj.lan/, du. meylan, tri. pxeylan, pl. eylan, ayeylan [FE]

a friend

'eyng ('eyg) v. /ˈʔɛjŋ/, infix '··eyng [.]

respond, answer
tì'eyng (tì'eyg) n. /tɪ.ˈʔɛjŋ/, pl. sì'eyng an answer

'i'a v. /ˈʔi.ʔa/, infix '·i'·a [.]

end, conclude

'ia v. /ˈʔi.a/, infix '·i·a [.]

become absorbed, lose oneself

'it n. /ˈʔit/, pl. it [SG]

a bit, a small amount
'itan n. /ʔi.ˈtan/, pl. itan [SG] a son
'ite n. /ʔi.ˈtɛ/, pl. ite [AF] a daughter
nì'it adv. /nɪ.ˈit/ [FE] (do) a little, a bit

'ì'awn v. /ʔɪ.ˈʔawn/, infix '·ì'·awn [.]

remain, stay

'ìheyu n. /ʔɪ.ˈhɛ.ju/, pl. ìheyu [SG]

spiral
"ìheyu sìreyä" /ɪ.hɛ.ju sɪ.ɾɛ.jæ/ the spiral of lives

'ìnglìsì ('ìglìsì) n. /ˈʔɪŋ.lɪ.sɪ/ [SG]

the English language
nì'ìnglìsì (nì'ìglìsì) adv. /nɪ.ˈʔɪŋ.lɪ.sɪ/ in English

'ok n. /ˈʔok/, pl. ok [SG]

a remembrance

'ong ('og) v.in. /ˈʔoŋ/, infix '··ong [.]

unfold, blossom

'Rrta n. /ˈʔr̩.ta/ [FE]

Earth

'ul /ˈʔul/

?
nì'ul adv. /nɪ.ˈʔul/ more
nulkrr adv. /ˈnul.kr̩/ longer (time) (krr time)
nulnew v. /nul.nɛw/, infix nuln··ew to rather (new to want)

'upe /ˈʔu.pɛ/ [SG]

what (thing) (= peu)

'upxare n. /ʔu.ˈpʼa.ɾɛ/, pl. upxare [FM]

a message

A[edit]

a conj. /a/ [FM]

which, that, who (relativizer and subordinator); attaches adjectives to nouns

alaksì adj?. /a.ˈlak.sɪ/ [SG]

ready

Amhul n. /am.hul/ [SG]

(a name)

Anurai n. /a.nu.ɾa.i/ [AG]

(a name)

angtsìk (agcìk) n.pl. /aŋ.tsɪk/

Short plural of 'angtsìk.

apxa adj. /a.ˈpʼa/, attr. apxa N. apxa [FE]

large

atan n. /a.ˈtan/ [FE]

a light

atokirina' n. /a.to.ki.ˈɾi.naʔ/ [AF]

atokirina, seeds of the great tree (rina' "seed")

atxkxe n. /atʼ.kʼɛ/ [SG]

land

au n. /a.u/ [SG]

a drum (made of skin)

aungia n. /ˈa.u.ŋi.a/ [AF]

a sign, an omen

awaiei n. /a.wa.i.ɛ.i/ [SG text]

banshee of paradise

awnga (awga) pn. /ˈaw.ŋa/ [FE]

we (including you); alt. for ayoeng

ay+ pref. /aj/ [FM]

(plural prefix) (causes lenition)
ayfo pn. /aj.fo/ they (= fo)
aylaru pn. /aj.la.ɾu/ to the others
aynga (ayga) pn. /aj.ˈŋa/ you (pl.)
ayoe pn. /a.ˈjo.ɛ/ we (exclusive)
ayoeng (ayoeg) pn. /aj.ˈwɛŋ/ we (inclusive)

Ä[edit]

äie n. /æ.i.ɛ/ [SG]

a vision

Änsìt n. /ˈæn.sɪt/ [SG]

(a name)

ätxäle n. /æ.tʼæ.lɛ/ [SG]

a request
ätxäle si v. /æ.tʼæ.lɛ si/, infix ätxäle s··i to (make a) request

E[edit]

ean adj. /ˈɛ.an/, attr. eana N. aean [SG]

blue
nìean adv. /nɪ.ˈɛ.an/ in blue

ekong n.pl. /ˈɛ.koŋ/

Short plural of 'ekong.

eltu n. /ˈɛl.tu/ [SG]

a brain
eltu si v. /ˈɛl.tu si/, infix eltu s··i [.] pay attention, quit goofing off
eltungawng n. /ˈɛl.tu.ŋawŋ/ [SG] brainworm

emza'u v. /ɛm.ˈza.ʔu/, infix emz·a'·u [.]

to pass (a test for initiation) (= em "over" + za'u "come")

eo adp. /ˈɛ.o/ [SG]

before, in front of

eveng (eveg) n.pl. /ˈɛ.vɛŋ/

Short plural of 'eveng.
evi n.pl. /ˈɛ.vi/ Short plural of 'evi.

eyawr adj. /ɛ.jawɾ/, attr. eyawra N. aeyawr

correct
keyawr adj. /kɛ.jawɾ/, attr. keyawra N. akeyawr incorrect

eyaye n. /ɛ.ja.jɛ/ [?]

Warbonnet (sp. plant)

eyk v. /ˈɛjk/, infix ··eyk [.]

lead
eyktan n. /ˈɛjk.tan/ [SG] leader

eylan n.pl. /ˈɛj.lan/

Short plural of 'eylan.

Eytukan n. /ˈɛj.tu.kan/

(a name)

Eywa n. /ˈɛj.wa/ [FM]

"World spirit" – guiding force and deity (equivalent to Gaia); Eywa PN
"Eywa ngahu" /ˈɛj.wa ˈŋa.hu/ [FM] good-bye (lit. "Eywa (be) with you")
Eywa'eveng (Eywa'eveg) n. /ɛj.wa.ˈʔɛ.vɛŋ/ [FM] Pandora (the Na'vi world)

F[edit]

fa adp. /ˈfa/ [SG]

with (by means of)

fa'li n.pl. /ˈfaʔ.li/

Short plural of pa'li.

fahew n. /fa.ˈhɛw/ [FM]

a smell

faketuan n. /fa.kɛ.tu.an/ [dubious]

an alien (i.e. non-Na'vi)

falulukan n.pl. /ˈfa.lu.ˈlu.kan/

Short plural of palulukan.

fam n.pl. /ˈfam/

Short plural of pam.

fay+ pref. /ˈfaj/

these (prefix); contraction of fìay-

fänu n.pl. /ˈfæ.nu/

Short plural of pänu.

fätsì (fäcì) n.pl. /ˈfæ.tsɪ/

Short plural of pätsì.

fesu n.pl. /fɛ.su/

Short plural of pesu.

feu n.pl. /fɛ.ˈu/

Short plural of peu.

feyä n.pl. /ˈfɛ.jæ/

Genitive of fo.

- pref. /fɪ/

this; pl. fìay- or fay-
fì'u pn. /fɪ.ˈʔu/ [FE] this (thing)
futa conj. /ˈfu.ta/ (think) that (accusative); short for fì'ut a /fɪ.ˈʔut a/
fwa conj. /fwa/ that (intransitive); short for fì'u a
fìfya adv. /fɪ.fja/ [SG] this way, like this
fìkem adv. /fɪ.ˈkɛm/ [SG] this (action)
fìpo pn. /ˈfɪ.po/ [SG] this one (person or thing)
fìtseng (fìceg) adv. /fɪ.ˈtsɛŋ/ [SG] here, this place
fìskxawng n. /fɪ.ˈskʼawŋ/ this moron
fìtxan adv. /fɪˈtʼan/ so much (lit. "this much")

fkarut v. /ˈfka.ɾut/, infix fk·ar·ut [.]

peel

fkxake v. /ˈfkʼa.kɛ/, infix fkx·ak·e [.]

itch

fkeu adj. /fkɛ.u/, attr. fkeua N. afkeu [SG] ?

mighty

fko pn. /fko/ [SG]

one

flä v. /ˈflæ/, infix fl··ä [.]

succeed

fmal v. /ˈfmal/, infix fm··al [.]

sustain

fmawn n. /ˈfmawn/ [SG]

news, something to report

fmetok v. /ˈfmɛ.tok/, infix fm·et·ok [.]

test (for initiation)
tìfmetok n. /tɪ.ˈfmɛ.tok/, pl. sìfmetok a test

fmi v. /ˈfmi/, infix fm··i [.]

attempt, try

fngap (fgap) n. /ˈfŋap/ [FM]

metal
fngapsutxwll (fgapsutxwll) n. /ˈfŋap.sutʼ.wl̩/ [SG text] sp. plant ('metal-following plant'; English unattested)

fnu v.in. /ˈfnu/, infix fn··u [.]

be quiet

fo pn. /ˈfo/ [SG]

they; short for ayfo /aj.ˈfo/
foan pn. /fo.ˈan/ they (male)
foe pn. /fo.ˈɛ/ they (female)

fongu (fogu) n.pl. /ˈfo.ŋu/

Short plural of pongu.

fpak v. /ˈfpak/, infix fp··ak [.]

hold off, suspend action

fpe' v. /ˈfpɛʔ/, infix fp··e' [.]

send

fpeio n. /fpɛ.ˈi.o/ [SG]

ceremonial challenge

fpi adp. /fpi/ [SG]

for (for the sake of)

fpìl v.tr. /ˈfpɪl/, infix fp··ìl [.]

think
säfpìl n. /sæ.ˈfpɪl/ [FE] idea, thought

fpom n. /ˈfpom/ [SG]

well-being, peace
lefpom adj. /lɛ.ˈfpom/, attr. lefpoma N. lefpom, alefpom peaceful, happy, joyous (of occasions)
"txon lefpom" Good night!

fpxafaw n. /fpʼa.faw/ [SG]

a medusa (sp. animal) (cf. also lonataya)

fpxäkìm v. /ˈfpʼæ.kɪm/, infix fpx·äk·ìm [.]

go in, enter

fra- pref. /fɾa/

every
fra'u pn. /ˈfɾa.ʔu/ [FE] everything
frapo pn. /ˈfɾa.po/ [FA] everyone

frìp v. /ˈfɾɪp/, infix fr··ìp [.]

bite

frrfen v. /ˈfr̩.fɛn/, infix f·rrf·en [.]

to visit
frrtu n. /ˈfr̩.tu/ a guest

ftang (ftag) v. /ˈftaŋ/, infix ft··ang [.]

stop
tìftang (tìftag) n. /tɪ.ˈftaŋ/ stopping

fte conj. /ˈftɛ/ [SG]

so that; to (infinitive)
fteke conj. /ˈftɛ.kɛ/ [SG] lest (so that not)

ftem v.tr. /ˈftɛm/, infix ft··em [.]

pass by

ftia v. /fti.ˈa/, infix ft·i·a [.]

study
tìftia kifkeyä n. /tɪ.fti.ˈa ki.ˈfkɛ.jæ/ [F] science (lit. "the study of the physical world") [not a Na'vi concept]

ftu+ pref. /ftu/ [SG]

from (direction) (causes lenition)
"ftu sat" /ftu sat/ from that (from tsa)

ftue adj. /ˈftu.ɛ/, attr. ftuea N. aftue [SG]

easy
nìftue adv. /nɪ.ˈftu.ɛ/ easily

ftxavang (ftxavag) n. /ˈftʼa.vaŋ/

passion
nìftxavang (nìftxavag) adv. /nɪ.ˈftʼa.vaŋ/ passionately, with all heart

ftxey v. /ˈftʼɛj/, infix ftx··ey [.]

choose
"'awpot set ftxey ayngal" /ˈʔaw.pot sɛt ˈftʼɛj aj.ˈŋal/ now you choose one
tìftxey n. /tɪˈftʼɛj/ decision

ftxì n. /ˈftʼɪ/

tongue

ftxozä n. /ftʼo.zæ/ [FE]

celebration, festival, holiday
"ayftxozä lefpom" /aj.ftʼo.zæ lɛ.ˈfpom/ [FE] happy holidays!

fu conj. /fu/ [SG]

or

futa conj. /ˈfu.ta/

(think) that; short for fì'ut a /fɪ.ʔut a/

fwa conj. /fwa/

that; contraction of fì'u a

fwew v. /ˈfwɛw/, infix fw··ew [.]

seek, look for

fya'o n. /ˈfja.ʔo/ [SG]

path, way
fyape adv. /ˈfja.pɛ/ [FE] how? (= pefya)
pefya adv. /pɛ.fja/ how? (= fyape)
fìfya adv. /fɪ.fja/ like this
tengfya (tegfya) adv. /tɛŋ.fja/ as, like, the same way
fyawìntxu v. /fja.wɪn.ˈtʼu/, infix fyaw·ìntx·u [.] to guide (wìntxu 'to show')
tìfyawìntxu n. /tɪ.fja.wɪn.ˈtʼu/ guidance

H[edit]

ha conj. /ha/

so, in that case

hahaw v. /ˈha.haw/, infix h·ah·aw [.]

sleep

hangham (hagham) v. /ˈhaŋ.ham/, infix h·angh·am [.]

laugh

hapxì n. /ˈha.pʼɪ/

part

haryu n.pl. /ˈhaɾ.ju/

Short plural of karyu.

hasey adj. /ˈha.sɛj/, attr. haseya N. ahasey

done, finished

hato n.pl. /ha.to/

Short plural of kato.

hawl v. /ˈhawl/, infix h··awl [.]

prepare, get ready

hawnu v. /ˈhaw.nu/, infix h·awn·u

protect, shelter
tìhawnu n. /tɪ.ˈhaw.nu/ protection
tìhawnu si v. /tɪ.ˈhaw.nu.ˈsi/, infix tìhawnu s··i protect

hawng (hawg) /hawŋ/

?
nìhawng (nìhawg) adv. /nɪ.ˈhawŋ/ too, excessively

helku n.pl. /hɛl.ku/

Short plural of kelku.

hem n.pl. /ˈhɛm/

Short plural of kem.

hetuwong n.pl. /hɛ.tu.woŋ/

Short plural of ketuwong.

hifkey n.pl. /hi.fkɛj/

Short plural of kifkey.

hilvan n.pl. /kil.van/

Short plural of kilvan.

hinam n.pl. /hi.nam/

Short plural of kinam.
hinamtil n.pl. /hi.nam.til/ Short plural of kinamtil.

hiyìk adj. /ˈhi.jɪk/, attr. hiyìka N. ahiyìk

odd, strange

hì'i adj. /ˈhɪ.ʔi/, attr. hì'ia N. ahì'i

small
hìkrr n. /ˈhɪ.kr̩/ [FE] a very short time, a 'second'
hì'ang n. /hɪ.ʔaŋ/ bug? (from ioang. cf. yomhì'ang Dakteron "eats bugs")

hìng (hìg) n.pl. /ˈhɪŋ/

Short plural of kìng.

hllpxìltu n.pl. /hl̩.pʼɪl.tu/

Short plural of kllpxìltu.

hol adj. /ˈhol/, attr. hola N. ahol

few
holpxay n. /hol.pʼaj/ number (pxay many)

horen n.pl. /ho.ˈɾɛn/

Short plural of koren.

hrr n.pl. /ˈhr̩/

Short plural of krr.

hrrap n. /ˈhr̩.ap/

danger
lehrrap adj. /lɛ.ˈhr̩.ap/, attr. lehrrapa N. lehrrap, alehrrap dangerous

hu adp. /hu/

with (accompaniment)
ngahu pn. /ˈŋa.hu/ with you
oehu pn. /ˈwɛ.hu/ with me

hufwe n. /huf.wɛ/

wind

hum v. /ˈhum/, infix h··um [.]

leave, depart

hunsìp n.pl. /hun.sɪp/

Short plural of kunsìp.

I[edit]

i'en n. /i.ʔɛn/

sp. stringed instrument

Iknimaya n. /ˈik.ni.ˈma.ja/

Hallelujah Mountains (Thundering rocks, Stairway to Heaven (floating mountains))

ikran n. /ik.ˈɾan/

Mountain Banshee
ikranay n. /ik.ˈɾa.naj/ [SG text] a Forest Banshee (dubious)
ikran atusawng n. /ik.ɾan a.tu.sawŋ/ [AG] sp. axe ('diving banshee') [check sp.]

ioang (ioag) n. /i.ˈo.aŋ/

animal, beast
talioang (taioag) n. /ˈta.li.ˈo.aŋ/, pl. salioang a sturmbeest

irayo part. /i.ˈɾa.jo/

thank you
ireiyo part. /i.ˈɾɛ.i.jo/ thank you
irayo si v. /i.ˈɾa.jo si/, infix irayo s··i thank
ireiyo si v. /i.ˈɾɛ.i.jo si/, infix ireiyo s··i thank
"oe ngaru seiyi irayo/ireiyo" /o.ɛ ˈŋa.ɾu sɛ.i.ˈji i.ˈɾa.jo ~ i.ˈɾɛ.i.jo/ I thank you

it n.pl. /ˈit/

Short plural of 'it.
itan n.pl. /i.ˈtan/ Short plural of 'itan.
ite n.pl. /i.ˈtɛ/ Short plural of 'ite.

Ì[edit]

ìlä adp. /ˈɪ.læ, ɪ.læ/

by, via, following

ìheyu n.pl. /ɪ.hɛ.ju/

Short plural of 'ìheyu.

K[edit]

ka adp. /ka/

across

kali'weya n. /ka.liʔ.wɛ.ja/ [SG text]

sp. poisonous arachnoid

kalin adj. /ka.ˈlin/, attr. kalina N. akalin

sweet

kaltxì interj. /kal.ˈtʼɪ/

hello

kam n.pl. /ˈkam/

Short plural of kxam.

kame v.tr. /ˈka.mɛ/, infix k·am·e [.]

See (spiritual sense), understand
"kìyevame" /kɪ.jɛ.ˈva.mɛ/ [FE] good-bye, see you again soon

kan v. /ˈkan/, infix k··an [.]

aim
kangkem /ˈkaŋ.kɛm/ ?
tìkangkem n. /tɪ.ˈkaŋ.kɛm/ [FE] work
tìkangkem si v. /tɪ.ˈkaŋ.kɛm si/, infix tìkangkem s··i [.] work

kangay (kagay) adj. /ka.ŋaj/, attr. kangaya N. akangay

valid [cf. ngay true]

kar v. /ˈkaɾ/, infix k··ar [.]

teach
karyu n. /ˈkaɾ.ju/ teacher

kato n. /ˈka.to/, pl. hato

rhythm

kavuk /ka.ˈvuk/

?
kavuk si v. /ka.ˈvuk si/, infix kavuk s··i [.] betray

kawkrr adv. /ˈkaw.kr̩/

never (= ke not + 'aw one + krr time)

kawng (kawg) adj. /ˈkawŋ/, attr. kawnga N. akawng

bad, evil
tìkawng (tìkawg) n. /tɪ.ˈkawŋ/ evil (noun)

kawtu pn. /ˈkaw.tu/

no-one (= ke not + 'aw one + tu ?)

v. /ˈkæ/, infix k··ä [.]

go
kä'ärìp v.tr. /kæ.ˈʔæ.ɾɪp/, infix kä'·är·ìp [.] push (’ärìp move)
kämakto v. /kæ.ˈmak.to/, infix käm·akt·o [.] to ride out (makto ride)

ke adv. /kɛ/

not
ke adj. /kɛ/, attr. kea N. ake no
ke'u pn. /ˈkɛ.ʔu/ nothing, none
kefyak, kefya srak part. /kɛ.ˈfjak, kɛ.ˈfja sɾak/ isn't it? (short for ke fìfya srak?)
kehe part. /ˈkɛ.hɛ/ no

kelku n. /ˈkɛl.ku/, pl. helku

home
kelku si v. /ˈkɛl.ku si/, infix kelku s··i dwell, live
Kelutral n. /ˈkɛl.ut.ɾal/ Hometree (tree for living in)

kem n. /kɛm/, pl. hem

action
kempe adv. /ˈkɛm.pɛ/ what? how? what way? (which action?) (= pehem)
pehem adv. /pɛ.hɛm/ what? how? what way? (which action?) (= kempe)
fìkem pn. /fɪ.kɛm/ this action, this way, thus
tsakem (cakem) pn. /ˈtsa.kɛm/, pl. tsayhem, tsahem that action, that way, thus

kener n.pl. /ˈkɛ.nɛɾ/

Short plural of kxener.

kenong (kenog) v. /ˈkɛ.noŋ/, infix k·en·ong [.]

model, represent, exemplify
tìkenong (tìkenog) n. /tɪ.ˈkɛ.noŋ/, pl. sìkenong an example

kerusey adj. /ˈkɛ.ɾu.sɛj/, attr. keruseya N. akerusey

dead (c.f. rey to live)

kewong (kewog) adj. /ˈkɛ.woŋ/, attr. kewonga N. akewong

alien
ketuwong (ketuwog) n. /ˈkɛ.tu.woŋ/, pl. hetuwong an alien

ketse (kece) n.pl. /ˈkɛ.tsɛ/

Short plural of kxetse.

keye'ung (keye'ug) n. /kɛ.ˈjɛ.ʔuŋ/

insanity

kifkey n. /ki.ˈfkɛj/, pl. hifkey

the physical world
tìftia kifkeyä n. /tɪ.fti.ˈa ki.ˈfkɛ.jæ/ science (lit. "the study of the physical world") [not a Na'vi concept]

kilvan n. /kil.van/, pl. hilvan

river

kin v. /ˈkin/, infix k··in [.]

need
tìkin n. /tɪ.ˈkin/, pl. sìkin a need

kinä num. /ˈki.næ/, attr. kinäa N. akinä

seven
vohin num. /vo.ˈhin/, attr. vohina N. avohin fifteen (octal 17)
kivol num. /ˈki.vol/, attr. kivola N. akivol fifty-six (octal 70)
kizam num. /ˈki.zam/, attr. kizama N. akizam four-hundred forty-eight (octal 700)

kinam n. /ki.nam/, du. mehinam, pl. hinam

leg
kinamtil n. /ki.ˈnam.til/, du. mehinamtil, pl. hinamtil knee

kip adp. /kip/

among

kì'ong (kì'og) adj. /kɪ.ˈʔoŋ/, attr. kì'onga N. akì'ong [FE]

slow
nìk'ong (nìk'og) adv. /kɪ.ˈʔoŋ/ [FE] slowly

kìm v. /ˈkɪm/, infix k··ìm [.]

spin

kìng (kìg) n. /kɪŋ/, pl. hìng

thread

kìte'e n. /kɪ.ˈtɛ.ʔɛ/

service
kìte'e si v. /kɪ.ˈtɛ.ʔɛ si/, infix kìte'e s··i to serve

kìyevame /kɪ.jɛ.ˈva.mɛ/

See kame.

kll /kl̩/

down ?
kllfro' v. /kl̩.ˈfɾoʔ/, infix kllfr··o' be responsible
kllkä v. /kl̩.ˈkæ/, infix kllk··ä [.] go down, descend
kllkulat v. /kl̩.ˈku.lat/, infix kllk·ul·at [.] dig up
kllkxem v. /kl̩.ˈkʼɛm/, infix kllkx··em [.] stand
kllpxìltu n. /kl̩.ˈpʼɪl.tu/, pl. hllpxìltu territory
kllte n. /kl̩.tɛ/ the ground

kop part. /kop/

too, as well

koren n. /ko.ˈɾɛn/, pl. horen [FM]

rule

krr n. /kr̩/, pl. hrr

time (noun and adverb)
krrnekx v. /kr̩.ˈnɛkʼ/, infix krrn··ekx [.] take time (nekx consume)
krrpe adv. /kr̩.pɛ/ when? (= pehrr)
pehrr adv. /pɛ.hr̩/ when? (= krrpe)
sngä'ikrr (sgä'ikrr) n. /ˈsŋæ.ʔi.kr̩/ beginning (time)
nulkrr adv. /ˈnul.kr̩/ longer (time) (nì'ul more)
tsakrr (cakrr) adv. /tsa.kr̩/ then, at that time
tengkrr (tegkrr) conj. /tɛŋ.kr̩/ while, at the same time

kunsìp n. /ˈkun.sɪp/, pl. hunsìp

gunship (from English)

kurakx v. /ku.ˈɾakʼ/, infix k·ur·akx [.]

drive out

Kx[edit]

kxam n. /ˈkʼam/, pl. kam

the middle, midpoint
kxamtseng /ˈkʼam.tsɛŋ/ the center, place in the middle

kxangangang (kxagagag) mim. /ˈkʼa.ŋa.ŋaŋ/

boom!

kxanì adj. /kʼa.nɪ/, attr. kxanìa N. akxanì

forbidden

kxawm adv. /ˈkʼawm/

perhaps, maybe

kxener n. /ˈkʼɛ.nɛɾ/, pl. kener [FE]

smoke

kxetse (kxece) n. /ˈkʼɛ.tsɛ/, pl. ketse

tail

kxeyey n. /kʼɛ.jɛj/, pl. keyey

mistake, error

kxll n. /ˈkʼl̩/, pl. kll [AG]

charge

kxu n. /ˈkʼu/ [FE]

harm

L[edit]

lahe n. /ˈla.hɛ/

another, others
aylaru, aylari /aj.ˈla.ɾu/ to, regarding the others; short for aylaheru, aylaheri /aj.ˈla.hɛ.ɾu/
lapo pn. /ˈla.po/ another, someone else, something else
latem v.in. /ˈla.tɛm/, infix l·at·em [.] change
leykatem v.tr. /lɛj.ˈka.tɛm/, infix leyk·at·em [FE] change

lam v. /ˈlam/, infix l··am [.]

seem, appear

latsi (laci) v. /la.ˈtsi/, infix l·ats·i [.]

keep up (with someone)

law adj. /ˈlaw/, attr. lawa N. alaw

clear, certain
"law lu ngaru" it is clear to you / you know

le- pref. /lɛ/

(adjectivizing prefix: look up by root)

lek v. /ˈlɛk/, infix l··ek [.]

obey, heed

len v. /ˈlɛn/, infix l··en [.]

happen, occur

lenay'nga (lenay'ga) n. /lɛ.najʔ.ŋa/ [verify]

Slinger (sp. predator)

ler /ˈlɛɾ/

?
lertu n. /ˈlɛɾ.tu/ colleague

lew /ˈlɛw/

a cover?
lew si v. /ˈlɛw si/, infix lew s··i [.] cover

lì' /lɪʔ/

?
lì'u n. /ˈlɪ.ʔu/ word ("spoken thing")
lì'fya n. /ˈlɪʔ.fja/ language ("way of speaking")
"lì'fya leNa'vi" /ˈlɪʔ.fja lɛ.ˈnaʔ.vi/ the Na'vi language

lìm v.in. /ˈlɪm/, infix l··ìm [.]

be far
lìm adj. /ˈlɪm/, attr. lìma N. alìm [SG] far away, at a distance

lok v. /ˈlok/, infix l··ok [.]

approach, draw near

lonataya n. /lo.na.ta.ja/ [SG text]

medusa (cf. also fpxafaw)

lonu v.tr. /lo.ˈnu/, infix l·on·u [.]

let go, release

lor adj. /ˈlor/, attr. lora N. alor

beautiful, pleasant to the senses
tìlor n. /tɪ.ˈloɾ/ beauty
loreyu n. /lo.ɾɛ.ju/ [SG text] a Helicoradian (sp. carnivorous plant; cf. ìreyu 'spiral')

lrrtok n. /ˈlr̩.tok/

a smile
lrrtok si v.in. /ˈlr̩.tok si/, infix lrrtok s··i to smile
"lrrtok ngar" /ˈlr̩.tok ˈŋaɾ/ good luck!

lu v.in. /ˈlu/, infix l··u [.]

be (am, is, are, was, were); (with dative) have
luke- adp. /lu.kɛ/ without

lun n. /ˈlun/

a reason
lumpe adv. /ˈlum.pɛ/ why?
pelun adv. /pɛ.ˈlun/ why?
taluna, talun conj. /ta.ˈlu.na, ta.ˈlun/ because (with English clause order)
alunta conj. /a.ˈlun.ta/ because (with opposite clause order)

M[edit]

ma part. /ma/

O! (vocative particle)

makto v. /ˈmak.to/, infix m·akt·o [.]

ride
kämakto v. /kæ.ˈmak.to/, infix käm·akt·o [.] ride out ( to go)

maw- adp. /maw/ [FE]

after (in time)
"maw hìkrr" /maw.ˈhɪ.kr̩/ [FE] in a bit, (be) right (back)

mawey /ˈma.wɛj/

calm (noun?)

me+ pref. /mɛ/

(dual prefix, from mune two)
mefo pn. /mɛ.ˈfo/ they (those two) (from po)
menari n. /mɛ.ˈna.ɾi/ eyes (two)
moe pn. /ˈmo.ɛ/ we two (exclusive) (from oe)
mevol num. /mɛ.ˈvol/, attr. mevola N. amevol sixteen (octal 20)
mezam num. /mɛ.ˈzam/, attr. mezama N. amezam hundred-twenty-eight (octal 200)

meoauniaea /ˈmɛ.o.a.ˈu.ni.a.ˈɛ.a/

(undefined)

meuia n. /mɛ.ˈu.i.a/

honor

meyp adj. /ˈmɛjp/, attr. meypa N. ameyp

weak

mi adv. /mi/

still, yet

mikyun n. /ˈmik.jun/, du. memikyun, pl. aymikyun

ear
tìng mikyun v. /tɪm ˈmik.jun/ to listen (tìng to give)

mip adj. /ˈmip/, attr. mipa N. amip

new (?)

+ adp. /mɪ/

in
mìso adv. /mɪ.ˈso/ away (position) (from to)
mìsìrey adv. /mɪ.sɪ.ˈrɛj/ ever (lit. "in (my) life")

mìn v. /ˈmɪn/, infix m··ìn

turn

mìsìrey adv. /mɪ.sɪ.ˈrɛj/

ever (lit. "in (my) life")

mìso adv. /mɪ.ˈso/ [FE]

away (position) (= + to)

mllte v. /ml̩.ˈtɛ/, infix m·llt·e [.]

agree

Mo'at n. /ˈmo.ʔat/

(a name)

moe pn. /ˈmo.ɛ/

we two (exclusive) (= me+ + oe)

mokri n. /ˈmok.ɾi/

a voice
"Utral Aymokriyä" /ut.ˈɾal aj.ˈmok.ɾi.jæ/ Tree of Voices

mrr num. /ˈmr̩/, attr. mrra N. amrr

five
vomrr num. /vo.ˈmr̩/, attr. vomrra N. avomrr thirteen (octal 15)
mrrvol num. /ˈmr̩.vol/, attr. mrrvola N. amrrvol forty (octal 50)
mrrzam num. /ˈmr̩.zam/, attr. mrrzama N. amrrzam three-hundred twenty (octal 500)

muiä adj?. /mu.ˈɪ.æ/

proper, fair, right

mun'i v. /mun.ˈʔi/, infix m·un'·i [.]

cut

mune num. /ˈmu.nɛ/, attr. munea N. amune

two (cf. muntxa)
nìmun adv. /nɪ.mun/ again
mevol num. /ˈmɛ.vol/, attr. mevola N. amevol sixteen (octal 20)
vomun num. /vo.ˈmun/, attr. vomuna N. avomun ten (octal 12)
mezam num. /ˈmɛ.zam/, attr. mezama N. amezam hundred-twenty-eight (octal 200)

munge (muge) v. /ˈmu.ŋɛ/, infix m·ung·e [.]

carry, convey
zamunge (zamuge) v. /za.ˈmu.ŋɛ/, infix zam·ung·e [.] to bring
mungwrr- (mugwrr) adp. /muŋ.ˈwr̩/ except (wrrpa 'outside')

muntxa adj?. /mun.ˈtʼa/

mated
muntxa si v. /mun.ˈtʼa si/, infix muntxa s··i [.] mate

N[edit]

na adv. /na/

like, as

na'rìng (na'rìg) n. /ˈnaʔ.ɾɪŋ/

forest

Na'vi n. /ˈnaʔ.vi/

the People (name for themselves)
nìNa'vi adv. /nɪ.ˈnaʔ.vi/ in Na'vi (the language)
leNa'vi adj. /lɛ.ˈnaʔ.vi/, attr. leNa'via N. leNa'vi, aleNa'vi Na'vi (adj.), of the People

nang (nag) part. /naŋ/

what! (particle for surprise or exclamation)

nantang (nantag) n. /ˈnan.taŋ/

Viperwolf
nantangä nguway n. /nan.ta.ŋæ ŋu.waj/ [AG] sp. axe ('howl of the viperwolf')

nari n. /ˈna.ɾi/, du. menari, pl. aynari

eye
nari si v. /ˈna.ɾi si/, infix nari s··i [.] watch out, be careful
tìng nari v. /tɪn.ˈna.ɾi/, infix t··ìng nari [.] to look (tìng give) (compare nìn look at)

nawm adj. /ˈnawm/, attr. nawma N. anawm

great, noble
"nawma sa'nok" /ˈnaw.ma ˈsaʔ.nok/ the Great Mother (Gaia)

näk v. /ˈnæk/, infix n··äk [.]

drink

ne adp. /nɛ/

to (direction)
"ne kllte!" /nɛ ˈkl̩.tɛ/ get down! (lit. "to the ground!")
nekll adv?. /nɛ.kl̩/ [FE] below
ne'ìm adv?. /nɛ.ˈʔɪm/ back (direction)
neto adv. /nɛ.ˈto/ [FE] away (direction)

nekx v. /ˈnɛkʼ/, infix n··ekx [.]

burn, consume
krrnekx v. /kr̩.nɛkʼ/, infix krrn··ekx [.] take time (krr time)

Nera'nak n. /nɛ.ɾaʔ.nak/ [AG]

(a name)

new v.tr. /ˈnɛw/, infix n··ew [.]

want
nulnew v. /nul.ˈnɛw/, infix nuln··ew [.] rather

Neytiri n. /nɛj.ˈti.ɾi/

(a name)

niä v. /ni.ˈæ/, infix n·i·ä [.]

grab

- pref. /nɪ/

(adverbializing prefix: look up by root)
nì'aw adv. /nɪ.ˈʔaw/ only ('aw one)
nì'ul adv. /nɪ.ˈʔul/ more
nìawnomum adv. /nɪ.aw.ˈno.mum/ [FM] as you (we?) know
nìltsan adv. /nɪl.tsan/ well (contraction of sìltsan good)
nìmun adv. /nɪ.ˈmun/ again (mune two)

Nìnat n. /nɪ.ˈnat/

(a name)

nìn v. /ˈnɪn/, infix n··ìn [.]

look at

nong (nog) v. /ˈnoŋ/, infix n··ong [.]

follow, go after (cf. sutx)

nulkrr adv. /ˈnul.kr̩/

longer (time) (= nì'ul more + krr time)

nulnew v. /nul.ˈnɛw/, infix nuln··ew [.]

rather (nì'ul-new want more)

nume v. /ˈnu.mɛ/, infix n·um·e [.]

learn
sänume n. /sæ.ˈnu.mɛ/ instruction
sänume si v. /sæ.ˈnu.mɛ si/, infix sänume s··i instruct

Ng (G)[edit]

nga (ga) pn., du. menga (mega), tri. pxenga (pxega), pl. aynga (ayga) /ˈŋa, mɛ.ˈŋa, pʼɛ.ˈŋa, aj.ˈŋa/

you
ngal (gal) pn. /ˈŋal/ you
ngahu (gahu) pn. /ˈŋa.hu/ with you
ngaru, ngar (garu, gar) pn. /ˈŋa.ɾu, ˈŋaɾ/ to/for you
"ayngaru nìwotx" /aj.ˈŋa.ɾu nɪ.ˈwotʼ/ to/for you all
ngati, ngat (gati, gat) pn. /ˈŋa.ti, ˈŋat/ you (object)
ngari (gari) pn. /ˈŋa.ɾi/ as for you
ngeyä (geyä) pn. /ˈŋɛ.jæ/ your
ngenga (gega) pn., du. mengenga (megega), tri. pxengenga (pxegega), pl. ayngenga (aygega) /ŋɛ.ˈŋa, mɛ.ŋɛ.ˈŋa, pʼɛ.ŋɛ.ˈŋa, aj.ŋɛ.ˈŋa/
you (honorific form)

ngawng (gawg) n. /ˈŋawŋ/

a worm
eltungawng (eltugawg) n. /ˈel.tu.ŋawŋ/ a brainworm

ngay (gay) adj. /ˈŋaj/, attr. ngaya N. angay

true
tìngay (tìgay) n. /tɪ.ˈŋaj/ truth
nìngay (nìgay) adv. /nɪ.ˈŋaj/ truly

ngenga (gega) pn. /ŋɛ.ˈŋa/

you (honorific form)

ngeyä (geyä) pn. /ˈŋɛ.jæ/

Genitive of nga.

ngian conj. /ŋian/

however

ngim (gim) adj. /ˈŋim/, attr. ngima N. angim

long

ngop (gop) v. /ˈŋop/, infix ng··op [.]

create

ngrr (grr) n. /ˈŋr̩/ [FE]

a root
tsawlapxangrr (cawlapxagrr) n. /tsaw.la.pʼa.ŋr̩/, pl. sawlapxangrr [SG text] Unidelta Tree ("tall large root")
ngrrpongu (grrpogu) n. /ˈŋr̩.po.ŋu/ [FE] grassroots movement

nguway (guway) n. /ŋu.waj/ [AG]

howl

O[edit]

oe pn., du. moe, tri. pxoe, pl. ayoe /ˈo.ɛ, ˈmo.ɛ, ˈpʼo.ɛ, a.ˈjo.ɛ/

I, we (but not you)
ERG oel pn., du. moel, tri. pxoel, pl. ayoel /ˈwɛl, ˈmo.ɛl, ˈpʼo.ɛl, aj.ˈwɛl/
ACC oeti pn., du. moeti, tri. pxoeti, pl. ayoeti /ˈwɛ.ti, ˈmo.ɛ.ti, ˈpʼo.ɛ.ti, aj.ˈwɛ.ti/
GEN oeyä pn., du. moeyä, tri. pxoeyä, pl. ayoeyä /ˈwɛ.jæ, ˈmo.ɛ.jæ, ˈpʼo.ɛ.jæ, aj.ˈwɛ.jæ/
DAT1 oeru pn., du. moeru, tri. pxoeru, pl. ayoeru /ˈwɛ.ɾu, ˈmo.ɛ.ɾu, ˈpʼo.ɛ.ɾu, aj.ˈwɛ.ɾu/
DAT2 oer pn., du. moer, tri. pxoer, pl. ayoer /ˈwɛɾ, ˈmo.ɛɾ, ˈpʼo.ɛɾ, aj.ˈwɛɾ/
TOP oeri pn., du. moeri, tri. pxoeri, pl. ayoeri /ˈwɛ.ɾi, ˈmo.ɛ.ɾi, ˈpʼo.ɛ.ɾi, aj.ˈwɛ.ɾi/
oehu pn. /ˈwɛ.hu/? with me
oeng (oeg) pn., tri. pxoeng, pl. ayoeng /ˈwɛŋ, ˈpʼo.ɛŋ, aj.ˈwɛŋ/
we two (you and I), all of us
nìayoeng (nìayoeg) adv. /nɪ.aj.ˈwɛŋ/ like us
awnga (awga) pn. /ˈaw.ŋa/ we (you and us: alt. for ayoeng)
ohe pn., du. mohe, tri. pxohe, pl. ayohe /ˈo.hɛ, ˈmo.hɛ, ˈpʼo.hɛ, a.ˈjo.hɛ/
I (deferential or ceremonial form)
ohe ngengasì (ohe gegasì) pn. /ˈo.hɛ ŋɛ.ˈŋa.sɪ/ we two (inclusive & formal)
GEN ohengeyä (ohegeyä) /o.hɛ.ŋɛ.jæ/ our (inclusive dual & formal)

oeyk a. /o.ˈɛjk/ [FE]

cause (cf. eyk to lead)
oeyktìng (oeyktìg) v. /o.ˈɛjk.tɪŋ/, infix oeykt··ìng [.] explain, say why
taweyka, taweyk conj. /ta.ˈwɛj.ka, ta.ˈwɛjk/ because (English clause order)
aweykta conj. /a.ˈwɛjk.ta/ because (opposite clause order)

ok n.pl. /ˈok/

Short plural of 'ok.

olo' n. /ˈo.loʔ/

clan
olo'eyktan n. /ˈo.lo.ˈʔɛjk.tan/ a clan leader

Omatikaya n. /o.ma.ti.ˈka.ja/

the Blue Flute Clan

omum v. /ˈo.mum/, infix ·om·um [.]

know
nìawnomum adv. /nɪ.aw.ˈno.mum/ [FM] as you (we?) know

ontu n. /ˈon.tu/

nose

Otranyu

?

P[edit]

pa'li n. /ˈpaʔ.li/, pl. fa'li

Direhorse

pak part. /pak/

pshaw! (particle for disparagement)

palulukan n. /ˈpa.lu.ˈlu.kan/, pl. falulukan

Thanator ("Dry Mouth Bringer of Fear")

pam n. /ˈpam/, pl. fam

sound
pamtseo (pamceo) n. /ˈpam.tsɛ.o/ music (tseo art)
pamtseotu (pamceotu) n. /pam.tsɛ.o.tu/, pl. famtseotu a musician
pamtseowll (pamceowll) n. /ˈpam.tsɛ.o.wl̩/, pl. famtseowll [SG text] Cat Ear ('music plant')
pamrel n. /pam.ɾɛl/ [FE] written character
pamrel si v. /pam.ɾɛl si/, infix pamrel s··i [FE] to write (not a Na'vi activity)

pate v. /ˈpa.tɛ/, infix p·at·e [.]

arrive

pawm v. /ˈpawm/, infix p··awm [.]

ask
tìpawm n. /tɪˈpawm/, pl. sìpawm [FE] a question

pay n. /ˈpaj/ [FE]

water ?
paywll n. /pajwl̩/ [SG text] Dapophet ('water plant')

pähem v. /ˈpæ.hɛm/, infix p·äh·em [.]

arrive

pänu n. /ˈpæ.nu/, pl. fänu

a promise (of an object)
pänutìng v. /ˈpæ.nu.tɪŋ/, infix pänut··ìng [.] to promise (something to someone)

pängkxo (pägkxo) v. /pæŋ.ˈkʼo/, infix p·ängkx·o [.]

have a conversation, chat
tireapängkxo (tireapägkxo) v. /ti.ɾɛ.a.pæŋ.ˈkʼo/, infix tireap·ängkx·o [.] commune (with)

pätsì (päci) n. /ˈpæ.tsɪ/, pl. fätsì

badge (from English)

pe+ pref. /pɛ/

(which?)
pefya adv. /pɛ.fja/ how? (in which manner?) (= fyape)
pehem adv. /pɛ.hɛm/ how? (by which action?) (= kempe)
pehrr adv. /pɛ.hr̩/ when? (at which time?) (= krrpe)
pelun adv. /pɛ.ˈlun/ why? (for which reason?) (= lumpe)
peseng (peseg) adv. /pɛ.sɛŋ/ where? (at which place?) (= tsengpe)
pesu pn. /pɛ.su/ who? (which person?) (= tupe)
peu pn. /pɛ.ˈu/ what? (which thing?) (= 'upe)

pe'un v. /ˈpɛ.ʔun/, infix p·e'·un [.]

decide

peng (peg) v. /ˈpɛŋ/, infix p··eng [.]

tell
ralpeng (ralpeg) v. /ɾal.ˈpɛŋ/, infix ralp··eng interpret (ral meaning)
penghrrap (peghrrap) n. /pɛŋ.hr̩.ap/, pl. fenghrrap [SG text] Binary Sunshine / Fringed Lamp (sp. plant "tell danger")

pey v.tr. /ˈpɛj/, infix p··ey [.]

await; (as v.i.) wait
sìlpey v. /sɪl.ˈpɛj/, infix sìlp··ey [.] hope (sìltsan "good")

peyä pn. /ˈpɛ.jæ/

Genitive of po.

Peyral n. /pɛj.ˈɾal/

(a name)

piak /pi.ˈak/

?
piak si v. /pi.ˈak si/, infix piak s··i [.] open

plltxe v. /pl̩.ˈtʼɛ/, infix p·lltx·e [.]

speak

po pn. /ˈpo/, du. mefo, tri. pxefo, pl. fo, ayfo

he, she, it (animate); they (animate)
poan pn. /po.an/ he
poe pn. /po.ɛ/ she
peyä pn. /ˈpe.jæ/ his/her/its

poltxe v.pfv. /pol.ˈtʼɛ/ [FE]

Perfective of plltxe.

pom v. /ˈpom/, infix p··om [.]

kiss

pongu (pogu) n. /ˈpo.ŋu/, pl. fongu

group of people
tsampongu (campogu) n. /ˈtsam.po.ŋu/, pl. sampongu war party

prrnen n. /ˈpr̩.nɛn/, pl. frrnen

baby
prrnesyul n. /ˈpr̩.nɛ.sjul/, pl. frrnesyul a bud (syulang flower)

prrte' n. /ˈpr̩.tɛʔ/ [FE]

pleasure (?)

pukap num. /ˈpu.kap/, attr. pukapa N. apukap

six
vofu num. /vo.ˈfu/, attr. vofua N. avofu fourteen (octal 16)
puvol num. /ˈpu.vol/, attr. puvola N. apuvol forty-eight (octal 60)
puzam num. /ˈpu.zam/, attr. puzama N. apuzam three-hundred eighty-four (octal 600)

pun n.pl. /ˈpun/

Short plural of pxun.
puntil n.pl. /pun.til/ Short plural of pxuntil.

Px[edit]

pxan adj. /ˈpʼan/, attr. pxana N. apxan

worthy

pxasìk /pʼa.sɪk/

screw it! no way!

pxasul adj. /ˈpʼa.sul/, attr. pxasula N. apxasul

fresh, appealing as food

pxay adj. /ˈpʼaj/, attr. pxaya N. apxay

many (originally, any number greater than vofu 16)
holpxay /hol.pʼaj/ a/the number (hol few)

pxel /ˈpʼɛl/

like, as

pxey num. /ˈpʼɛj/, attr. pxeya N. apxey

three
pxe- pref. /ˈpʼɛ/ trial prefix (triggers lenition)
vopey num. /vo.ˈpɛj/, attr. vopeya N. avopey eleven (octal 13)
pxevol num. /ˈpʼɛ.vol/, attr. pxevola N. apxevol twenty-four (octal 30)
pxezam num. /ˈpʼɛ.zam/, attr. pxezama N. apxezam hundred-ninety-two (octal 300)

pxi adj. /ˈpʼi/, attr. pxia N. apxi

sharp
pxiut n. /pʼi.ut/, pl. piut [SG text] Razor Palm

pxìm /ˈpʼɪm/

often

pxor v. /ˈpʼoɾ/, infix px··or [.]

explode
pxorna' n. /pʼoɾ.naʔ/ [SG text] Episoth (sp. plant, "exploding seed")

pxun n. /ˈpʼun/, du. mepun, pl. pun

arm
pxuntil n. /pʼun.til/, du. mepuntil, pl. puntil elbow

R[edit]

Rai'uk n. /ɾa.i.ʔuk/ [AG]

(a name)

ral n. /ˈɾal/

meaning
ralpeng (ralpeg) v. /ɾal.ˈpɛŋ/, infix ralp··eng [.] interpret (to tell the meaning)
tafral conj. /ta.fɾal/ therefore, because of that [adv] (ta fì-ral from this meaning)

Ralu n. /ˈɾa.lu/ [SG]

(a name)

ramunong (ramunog) n. /ɾa.mu.noŋ/

a well ?
Ayvitrayä Ramunong n. /aj.vit.ɾa.jæ ɾa.mu.noŋ/ The Tree of Souls ("well of souls")

rawke n. /ɾaw.kɛ/

alarm cry

rä'ä part. /ɾæ.ˈʔæ/ [FE]

don't! (particle for negative commands)
"rä'ä si!" don't do (it)!

rel n. /ˈɾɛl/

image
reltseo (relceo) n. /ɾɛl.tsɛ.o/ visual art
reltseotu (relceotu) n. /ɾɛl.tsɛ.o.tu/ an artist
pamrel n. /pam.ɾɛl/ [FE] written character
pamrel si v. /pam.ɾɛl si/, infix pamrel s··i [FE] to write

renu n. /ˈɾɛ.nu/

pattern

rey v. /ˈɾɛj/, infix r··ey [.]

live
tìrey n. /tɪ.ˈɾɛj/, pl. sìrey life
mìsìrey adv. /mɪ.sɪ.ˈɾɛj/ ever (lit. "in (my) life")
tìrusey n. /tɪ.ɾu.ˈsɛj/ living
kerusey adj. /ˈkɛ.ɾu.sɛj/, attr. keruseya N. akerusey dead (not living)

rikx v.in. /ˈɾikʼ/, infix r··ikx [.]

move, stand back (cf. ’ärìp)

rim adj. /ˈɾim/, attr. rima N. arim [verify POS]

yellow
nìrim adv. /nɪ.ˈɾim/ in yellow

rina' n. /ˈɾi.naʔ/

seed
atokirina' n. /a.to.ki.ˈɾi.naʔ/ atokirina, seeds of the great tree

riti n. /ɾi.ti/

Stingbat

rol v. /ˈɾol/, infix r··ol [.]

sing
tìrol n. /tɪ.ˈɾol/, pl. sìrol song

ronsem n. /ˈɾon.sɛm/

mind
sìlronsem adj. /sɪl.ˈɾon.sɛm/, attr. sìlronsema N. asìlronsem clever (of a thing)

Rongloa (Rogloa) n. /ˈɾoŋ.lo.a/ [C, FA]

(a clan name)

rum /ɾum/

ball ?
rumut n. /ɾu.mut/ SC sp. tree ("ball tree", English unattested)

run v. /ˈɾun/, infix r··un [.]

find, discover

rutxe part. /ɾu.ˈtʼɛ/

please!

S[edit]

sa'nok n. /ˈsaʔ.nok/

mother
sa'nu n. /saʔ.nu/ mommy
sa'atenuk n. /sa.ʔa.tɛ.nuk/ (in Cameron's script)
"nawma sa'nok" /ˈnaw.ma ˈsaʔ.nok/ the Great Mother

sa'u pn.pl. /sa.ʔu/

Short plural of tsa'u.

saheylu n.pl. /sa.ˈhɛj.lu/

Short plural of tsaheylu.

sahìk n.pl. /ˈsa.hɪk/

Short plural of tsahìk.

salew v. /sa.ˈlɛw/, infix s·al·ew [.]

go on, proceed

salioang (salioag) n.pl. /ˈsa.li.ˈo.aŋ/

Short plural of talioang.

sam n.pl. /ˈsam/

Short plural of tsam.
sampongu (sampogu) n. /ˈsam.po.ŋu/ war parties
samsiyu n. /ˈsam.si.ju/ warriors

san part. /san/

quote (cf. sìk unquote)

sanhì n.pl. /san.ˈhɪ/

Short plural of tanhì.

sangek n.pl. /sa.ŋɛk/

Short plural of tangek.

sar v. /ˈsaɾ/, infix s··ar [.]

use

saronyu n.pl. /ˈsa.ɾon.ju/

Short plural of taronyu.

sa, sat pn. /sa, sat/

that (lenited form, sat after ftu, mì, etc.)

sawtute n.pl. /saw.ˈtu.tɛ/

Short plural of tawtute.

sawsìp n.pl. /saw.sɪp/

Short plural of tawsìp.

säftxuyu n.pl. /sæ.ˈftʼu.ju/

Short plural of täftxuyu.

- pref. /sæ/

(prefix indicating abstract agent of the root)
sänume n. /sæ.ˈnu.mɛ/ teaching, instruction (See nume. learn)
säfpìl n. /sæ.ˈfpɪl/ idea, thought (See fpìl. think)
säspxin n. /sæ.ˈspʼin/ disease (See spxin. sick)

seiyi v.approb. /sɛ.i.ˈji/

Approbative of si.

selem n.pl. /sɛ.lɛm/

Short plural of telem.

sempul n. /ˈsɛm.pul/

father
sempu n. /sɛm.pu/ daddy

senge, seng (sege, seg) n.pl. /ˈsɛ.ŋɛ, ˈsɛŋ/

Short plural of tsenge.

set adv. /sɛt/

now

sevin adj. /ˈsɛ.vin/, attr. sevina N. asevin

pretty (of people)

seyri n. /ˈsɛj.ɾi/, du. meseyri

lip

seze n. /ˈsɛ.zɛ/

sp. blue flower

si v. /si/, infix s··i [.]

do, make
Verbalizes nouns and adjectives. For the numerous si phrases, look up the other word.
'awsiteng ('awsiteg) adv. /ʔaw.si.ˈtɛŋ/ together (unify place)
tsamsiyu (camsiyu) n. /ˈtsam.si.ju/, pl. samsiyu warrior (war-maker)

sil n.pl. /ˈsil/

Short plural of til.

sim v. /ˈsim/, infix s··im [.]

be near

sirea n.pl. /si.ˈɾɛ.a/

Short plural of tirea.
sireafya'o n. /si.ˈɾɛ.a.ˈfja.ʔo/ spirit paths (fya'o path)
sireaioang (sireaioag) n. /si.ˈɾɛ.a.i.ˈo.aŋ/ spirit animals (ioang animal)

conj. /sɪ/

and (between phrases)
"trrä sì txonä" /ˈtr̩.æ sɪ ˈtʼo.næ/ of day and night (trr day, txon night)

sìfmetok n.pl. /sɪ.ˈfmɛ.tok/

Short plural of tìfmetok.

sìk part. /sɪk/

unquote (cf. san quote)

sìkenong (sìkenog) n.pl. /sɪ.ˈkɛ.noŋ/

Short plural of tìkenong.

sìltsan (sìlcan) adj. /sɪl.ˈtsan/, attr. sìltsana N. asìltsan

good
nìltsan (nìlcan) adv. /nɪl.ˈtsan/ well
sìlpey v. /sɪl.ˈpɛj/, infix sìlp··ey [.] hope (pey await)
nìsìlpey adv. /nɪ.sɪl.ˈpɛj/ [FE] hopefully
sìlronsem adj. /sɪl.ˈɾon.sɛm/, attr. sìlronsema N. asìlronsem clever (thing) (ronsem mind)

sìrey n.pl. /sɪ.ˈɾɛj/

Short plural of tìrey.

sìrol n.pl. /sɪ.ˈɾol/

Short plural of tìrol.

ska'a v. /ska.ˈʔa/, infix sk·a'·a [.]

destroy

skepek adj. /skɛpɛk/, attr. skepeka N. askepek

formal

sko n.pl. /ˈsko/

Short plural of tsko.

skxawng n. /ˈskʼawŋ/

moron

skxe n.pl. /ˈskʼɛ/

Short plural of tskxe.

slä conj. /slæ/

but

sleyku v. /slɛj.ˈku/

Causative of slu.

slu v.in. /ˈslu/, infix sl··u [.]

become (cf. lu to be)
sleyku v.tr. /slɛj.ˈku/, infix sleyk··u produce
"X nìNa'vi slu 'upe?" /X nɪ.ˈnaʔ.vi slu ˈʔu.pɛ/ How do you say X in Na'vi?

smuk n.pl. /ˈsmuk/

Short plural of tsmuk.
smuktu n.pl. /ˈsmuk.tu/ Short plural of tsmuktu.
smukan n.pl. /smu.ˈkan/ Short plural of tsmukan.
smuke n.pl. /smu.ˈkɛ/ Short plural of tsmuke.

snumìna adj. /ˈsnu.mɪ.na/, attr. snumìna N. asnumìna [FE]

stupid

sngap (sgap) v. /ˈsŋæp/, infix sng··ap [.]

sting

sngä'i (sgä'i) v.in. /ˈsŋæ.ʔi/, infix sng·ä'·i [.]

start, begin
sngeykä'i (sgeykä'i) v.tr. /sŋɛj.ˈkæ.ʔi/, infix sngeyk·ä'·i [FE] start, begin
sngä'ikrr (sgä'ikrr) n. /ˈsŋæ.ʔi.kr̩/ a beginning (time) (krr time)

sngel (sgel) n. /ˈsŋɛl/

garbage
sngeltseng (sgelceg) n. /sŋɛl.tsɛŋ/ a garbage dump

sokx n.pl. /ˈsokʼ/

Short plural of tokx.

som adj. /ˈsom/, attr. soma N. asom

hot
somtìlor n. /som.tɪ.loɾ/ [SG text] Popsicle (sp. plant, "hot beauty")

sop v. /ˈsop/, infix s··op [.]

travel

soruk n.pl. /ˈso.ɾuk/

Short plural of toruk.

spaw v. /ˈspaw/, infix sp··aw [.]

believe

spä v. /ˈspæ/, infix sp··ä [.]

jump

spe'e v. /spɛ.ˈʔɛ/, infix sp·e'·e [.]

capture
spe'etu n. /spɛ.ˈʔɛ.tu/ a captive

speng (speg) v. /ˈspɛŋ/, infix sp··eng [.]

restore

spule v. /ˈspu.lɛ/, infix sp·ul·e [.]

propel

spxam /ˈspʼam/

fungus ?
torukspxam n. /to.ɾuk.spʼam/, pl. sorukspxam Octoshroom

spxin adj. /ˈspʼin/, attr. spxina N. aspxin

sick
säspxin n. /sæ.ˈspʼin/ disease
tìspxin n. /tɪ.ˈspʼin/ unwellness (state of being ill)

srak part. /sɾak/

(marker for yes-no questions)

srane part. /ˈsɾa.nɛ/

yes

sraw /ˈsɾaw/

?
tìsraw n. /tɪ.ˈsɾaw/ pain ?
tìsraw si v.in. /tɪ.ˈsɾaw si/ hurt, be painful
tìsraw seyki v.tr. /tɪ.ˈsɾaw.sɛj.ˈki/ hurt, cause pain

sre

?
srese'a v. /srɛ.sɛ.ˈa/, infix sres·e'·a [.] tell the future, prophesize

srew v. /ˈsɾɛw/, infix sr··ew [.]

dance

srung (srug) n. /ˈsɾuŋ/ [FE]

help, assistance
srung si v.dat. /ˈsɾuŋ si/, infix srung s··i help, assist

srr n.pl. /ˈsr̩/

Short plural of trr.

stawm v. /ˈstawm/, infix st··awm [.]

hear

steftxaw v. /stɛ.ˈftʼaw/, infix st·eftx·aw [.]

check out, examine

sti v.in. /ˈsti/, infix st··i [.]

be angry
steyki v.tr. /stɛj.ˈki/, infix steyk··i anger, make angry

sto v. /ˈsto/, infix st··o [.]

refuse

stum adv. /ˈstum/

almost

sukru n.pl. /suk.ˈɾu/

Short plural of tukru.

sung v. /ˈsuŋ/, infix s··ung [.]

add

sute n.pl. /ˈsu.tɛ/

Short plural of tute.
sutean n.pl. /su.tɛ.ˈan/ Short plural of tutean.
sute n.pl. /su.ˈtɛ/ Short plural of tute (fem.).

sutx v. /ˈsutʼ/, infix s··utx [.]

track (cf. nong), lock up

swaw n. /ˈswaw/

a moment

swey adj. /ˈswɛj/, attr. sweya N. aswey

best, optimal

swirä n. /swi.ˈɾæ/

creature

swizaw n. /swi.ˈzaw/

arrow

swok adj. /ˈswok/, attr. swoka N. aswok

sacred
swotu n. /swo.tu/ sacred place

syal n.pl. /ˈsjal/

Short plural of tsyal.
"ikranä syal" /ik.ˈɾa.næ ˈsjal/ wings of the banshee (plural rather than dual, as banshees have four wings)

syaw v. /ˈsjaw/, infix sy··aw [.]

call

syep v. /ˈsjɛp/, infix sy··ep [.]

trap

syulang (syulag) n. /ˈsju.laŋ/

flower
prrnesyul n. /ˈpr̩.nɛ.sjul/, pl. frrnesyul bud (prrnen baby)

T[edit]

ta adp. /ta/

from (various uses)
ta'em /ta.ʔɛm/ from above
taweyka, taweyk conj. /ta.ˈwɛj.ka, ta.ˈwɛjk/ because (English clause order) (oeyk cause)
aweykta conj. /a.ˈwɛjk.ta/ because (opposite clause order)
taluna, talun conj. /ta.ˈlu.na, ta.ˈlun/ because (English clause order) (lun reason)
alunta conj. /a.ˈlun.ta/ because (opposite clause order)
tafral adv. /ta.ˈfɾal/ therefore, because of that (ta fì-ral from this meaning)

takuk v. /ˈta.kuk/, infix t·ak·uk [.]

hit, strike
tìtakuk n. /tɪ.ˈta.kuk/, pl. sìtakuk [AG] a strike

talioang (talioag) n. /ˈta.li.ˈo.aŋ/, pl. salioang

a sturmbeest (ioang beast)

tam v. /ˈtam/, infix t··am [.]

suffice, be enough; (interjection) okay
"tam tam!" /tam tam/ there there! that'll do!
nìtam adv. /nɪ.ˈtam/ enough, so

tangek (tagek) n. /ta.ŋɛk/, pl. sangek

tree trunk

tanhì n. /tan.ˈhɪ/, pl. sanhì

star; bioluminescent freckle (compare atan and hì'i)

taron v. /ˈta.ɾon/, infix t·ar·on [.]

hunt
taronyu n. /ˈta.ɾon.ju/, pl. saronyu hunter
tìtaron n. /tɪ.ˈta.ɾon/, pl. sìtaron a hunt

tatep v. /ˈta.tɛp/, infix t·at·ep [.]

lose

taw n. /ˈtaw/

sky
tawtute n. /ˈtaw.tu.tɛ/, pl. sawtute a human (lit. "sky person")
tawsìp n. /taw.sɪp/, pl. sawsìp a space ship
tautral n. /ta.ut.ɾal/, pl. sautral [SG text] sp. plant ("sky tree")
tawtsngal (tawcgal) n. /taw.tsŋal/, pl. sawtsngal [SG text] Panopyra (sp. plant, "sky cup")

tawng (tawg) v. /ˈtawŋ/, infix t··awng [.]

dive, duck

tätxaw v.in. /tæ.ˈtʼaw/, infix t·ätx·aw [.]

come back, return

täftxu v. /tæ.ˈftʼu/, infix t·äftx·u [.]

weave
täftxuyu n. /tæ.ˈftʼu.ju/, pl. säftxuyu weaver
"katot täftxu oel" /ka.tot tæ.ˈftʼu o.ɛl/ I weave the rhythm

te adp. /tɛ/

of (a particular clan; used in full names)
"Neytiri te Tskaha Mo'at'ite" /nɛj.ˈti.ɾi tɛ ˈtska.ha mo.ʔat.ʔi.ˈtɛ/ "Neytiri of the Ckaha, daughter of Mo'at"
"Tsu'tey te Rongloa Ateyitan" "Tsu'tey of the Rongloa, son of Ateyo" [verify]

te'lan n.pl. /tɛʔ.ˈlan/

Short plural of txe'lan.

tei n.pl. /tɛ.i/ [AG]

plains [in place names; sg. unattested, presumably txei]

tel v. /ˈtɛl/, infix t··el [.]

receive

tele n.pl. /ˈtɛ.lɛ/

Short plural of txele.

telem n. /tɛ.lɛm/, pl. selem

chord
waytelem /ˈwaj.tɛ.lɛm/ song chord

tem v.in. /ˈtɛm/, infix t··em [.]

shoot
toltem v.tr. /tol.ˈtɛm/ [.] shoot [confirm infixes]

teng (teg) adj. /ˈtɛŋ/, attr. tenga N. ateng

same
tengfya (tegfya) conj. /tɛŋ.fja/ as (= same way as)
tengkrr (tegkrr) conj. /tɛŋ.ˈkr̩/ while (= same time as)
nìteng (nìteg) adv. /nɪ.ˈtɛŋ/ also, too
'awsiteng ('awsiteg) adv. /ʔaw.si.ˈtɛŋ/ together

tep n.pl. /ˈtɛp/

Short plural of txep.

teri- prep. /tɛ.ˈɾi/

about, concerning

terkup v. /ˈtɛɾ.kup/, infix t·erk·up [.]

die

teswo n. /tɛ.swo/, pl. seswo

?
teswotìng (teswotìg) v. /tɛ.ˈswo.tɪŋ/, infix teswot··ìng grant

tewk n.pl. /ˈtɛwk/

Short plural of txewk.

tewti interjection. /tɛw.ti/

wow!

teya adj. /ˈtɛ.ja/, attr. teya N. ateya (verify POS)

full
teya si v. /ˈtɛ.ja si/, infix teya s··i fill; with dative, idiomatic for 'be glad'
"oeru teya si" /ˈwɛ.ɾu ˈtɛ.ja si/ I'm glad

teylu n. /ˈtɛj.lu/

beetle larva(e)

til n. /ˈtil/, pl. sil

joint, hinge
kinamtil n. /ki.ˈnam.til/, pl. hinamtil knee
pxuntil n. /pʼun.til/, pl. puntil elbow

Tipnay n. /tip.naj/ [AG]

(a clan name)

tirea n. /ti.ˈɾɛ.a/, pl. sirea

spirit
tireafya'o n. /ti.ˈɾɛ.a.ˈfja.ʔo/, pl. sireafya'o spirit path
tireaioang (tireaioag) n. /ti.ˈɾɛ.a.i.ˈo.aŋ/, pl. sireaioang spirit animal
tireapängkxo v. /ti.ɾɛ.a.pæŋ.ˈkʼo/, infix tireap·ängkx·o [.] commune (with)

- pref. /tɪ/

(nominalizing prefix: look up by root)
tìtut n. /tɪ.ˈtut/ continuation
tìyawn n. /tɪ.ˈjawn/ love (yawne beloved)

tìm n.pl. /ˈtɪm/

Short plural of txìm.

tìng (tìg) v.di. /ˈtɪŋ/, infix t··ìng [.]

give
tìng mikyun v. /tɪm ˈmik.jun/, infix t··ìng mikyun [.] listen (mikjun ear)
tìng nari v. /tɪn ˈna.ɾi/, infix t··ìng nari [.] look (nari eye)
tìng tseng (tìg ceg) v. /?/, infix t··ìng tseng [.] back down, give way (tseng place)
pänutìng (pänutìg) v. /ˈpæ.nu.tɪŋ/, infix pänut··ìng [.] promise
teswotìng (teswotìg) v. /tɛ.ˈswo.tɪŋ/, infix teswot··ìng [.] grant
yomtìng (yomtìg) v. /ˈjom.tɪŋ/, infix yomt··ìng [.] feed

tìran v. /tɪ.ˈɾan/, infix t·ìr·an [.]

walk

tll'u n.pl. /tl̩.ʔu/

Short plural of txll'u.

to adp. /to/

than (comparative particle)
neto adv. /nɛ.ˈto/ away, away to
mìso adv. /mɪ.ˈso/ away, away in

tok v. /ˈtok/, infix t··ok [.]

be at (occupy a space)

toktor n. /ˈtok.toɾ/, pl. soktor

Doctor (title)

tokx n. /ˈtokʼ/, pl. sokx

a body

toltem v. /tol.ˈtɛm/

See tem.

tompa n. /ˈtom.pa/, pl. ??

rain
"tompayä kato" /ˈtom.pa.jæ ˈka.to/ rhythm of the rain

ton n.pl. /ˈton/

Short plural of txon.
ton'ong (ton'og) n.pl. /ton.ˈʔoŋ/ Short plural of txon'ong.

toruk n. /ˈto.ɾuk/, pl. soruk

Great Leonopteryx (Last Shadow)
torukmakto n. /ˈto.ɾuk.ˈmak.to/, pl. sorukmakto a Leonopteryx rider
torukspxam n. /to.ɾuk.spʼam/, pl. sorukspxam [SG text] Octoshroom ("Leonopteryx fungus")
torukä tìtspang (torukä tìcpag) n. /ˈto.ɾu.kæ tɪ.ˈtspaŋ/ [AG] sp. axe ('Leonopteryx prey')

trr n. /ˈtr̩/, pl. srr

day
trram n, adv. /tr̩.ˈam/ [FE] yesterday
trray n, adv. /tr̩.aj/ [FE] tomorrow
"trr lefpom" /tr̩ lɛ.ˈfpom/ good day (morning, afternoon)

tukru n. /tuk.ˈɾu/, pl. sukru

spear

tul v. /ˈtul/, infix t··ul [.]

run

tum n.pl. /ˈtum/

Short plural of txum.

tung (tug) v. /ˈtuŋ/, infix t··ung [.]

allow
tungzup (tugzup) v. /tuŋ.ˈzup/ drop (zup fall) [confirm infixes]

tupe pron. /ˈtu.pɛ/

who? (= pesu)

tut part. /ˈtut/

(particle of continuation)
"ngaru tut?" and you?
tìtut n. /tɪ.ˈtut/ continuation
nìtut adv. /nɪ.ˈtut/ continually

tute n. /ˈtu.tɛ/, pl. sute

person (abbriviated to tu in compounds)
tutean n. /tu.tɛ.ˈan/, pl. sutean a male (person)
tute n. /tu.ˈtɛ/, pl. sute a female (person)
tupe, pesu pron. /ˈtu.pɛ, pɛ.ˈsu/ who?

Tx[edit]

txan adj. /ˈtʼan/, attr. txana N. atxan

great (in quantity), much
nìtxan adv. /nɪ.ˈtʼan/ greatly, much
fìtxan adv. /fɪ.ˈtʼan/ so much ('this much')
txantsan adj. /ˈtʼan.tsan/, attr. txantsana N. atxantsan excellent (sìltsan "good")
txantslusam adj. /ˈtʼan.tslu.sam/, attr. txantslusama N. atxantslusam wise (much-knowing) (tslam to understand)

txe'lan n. /tʼɛʔ.ˈlan/, pl. te'lan

a heart

txele n. /ˈtʼɛ.lɛ/, pl. tele

a matter (a subject)

txen adj. /ˈtʼɛn/, attr. txena N. atxen

awake

txep n. /ˈtʼɛp/, pl. tep

fire

Txewì n. /tʼɛ.wɪ/

(a name)

txewk n. /ˈtʼɛwk/, pl. tewk [AG]

a club

txey v. /ˈtʼɛj/, infix tx··ey [.]

halt

txìm n. /ˈtʼɪm/, pl. tìm

butt, rear end

txìng (txìg) v. /ˈtʼɪŋ/, infix tx··ìng [.]

leave behind, abandon

txll'u n. /tʼl̩.ʔu/, pl. tll'u [SG text]

a hookagourd (sp. plant)

txo conj. /tʼo/

if
txokefyaw conj. /ˈtʼo.kɛ.fjaw/ if not, or else

txoa n. /ˈtʼo.a/

forgiveness
"oeru txoa livu" /ˈwɛ.ɾu ˈtʼo.a li.ˈvu/ [FA] forgive me

txon n. /ˈtʼon/, pl. ton

night
"txon lefpom" /ˈtʼon.lɛ.ˈfpom/ good evening, good night
txon'ong (txon'og) n. /tʼon.ˈʔoŋ/, pl. ton'ong dusk, evening

txopu n. /ˈtʼo.pu/

fear
txopu si v. /ˈtʼo.pu si/, infix txopu s··i fear, be afraid

txula v. /ˈtʼu.la/, infix tx·ul·a [.]

make, build, construct

txum n. /ˈtʼum/, pl. tum

poison
txumpaywll n. /tʼum.paj.wl̩/, pl. tumpaywll [SG text] Scorpion Thistle ("poison paywll water plant")
txumtsä'wll (txumcä'wll) n. /tʼum.tsæʔ.wl̩/, pl. tumtsä'wll [SG text] Reclining Flask ("poison-squirting plant")

txur adj. /ˈtʼuɾ/, attr. txura N. atxur

strong
tìtxur n. /tɪ.ˈtʼuɾ/ strength

Ts (C)[edit]

tsa (ca) pn. /tsa/

that; it (inanimate)
tsa'u (ca'u) pn. /tsa.ʔu/, pl. sa'u that thing
tsakem (cakem) pn. /ˈtsa.kɛm/ [FE] that action
tsakrr (cakrr) adv. /tsa.ˈkr̩/ [F song] then, at that time (krr time)
tsatseng (caceg) adv. /tsa.ˈtsɛŋ/ there, that place (tseng place)
tsatu (catu) pn. /tsa.tu/ that person

tsaheylu (caheylu) n. /tsa.ˈhɛj.lu/, pl. saheylu [FA]

bond (neural connection)
tsaheyl si v. /tsa.ˈhɛjl si/, infix tsaheyl s··i [.] bond with

tsahìk (cahìk) n. /ˈtsa.hɪk/, pl. sahìk

a matriarch, shamaness

tsaleioae (caleioae) /tsa.lɛ.i.o.a.ɛ/

(undefined)

tsam (cam) n. /ˈtsam/, pl. sam

war
tsampongu (campogu) n. /ˈtsam.po.ŋu/, pl. sampongu a war party (pongu a group of people)
tsamsiyu (camsiyu) n. /ˈtsam.si.ju/, pl. samsiyu a warrior (si to do, to make)

tsap'alute (cap'alute) n. /tsap.ˈʔa.lu.tɛ/

an apology
tsap'alute si v. /tsap.ˈʔa.lu.tɛ si/, infix tsap'alute s··i [.] apologize

tsawke (cawke) n. /ˈtsaw.kɛ/ ?

the sun
"tsawkeyä kato" /tsaw.kɛ.jæ ka.to/ rhythm of the sun

tsawl (cawl) adj. /ˈtsawl/, attr. tsawla N. atsawl

big (in stature)
tsawl slu v. /ˈtsawl.slu/, infix tsawl sl··u [.] get big, grow
tsawlapxangrr (cawlapxagrr) n. /tsaw.la.pʼa.ŋr̩/, pl. sawlapxangrr [SG text] Unidelta Tree ("tall large root")
tsawlapx (cawlapx) n. /tsaw.lapʼ/, pl. sawlapx [SG text] (short for tsawlapxangrr)

tsä' (cä') v. /ˈtsæʔ/, infix ts··ä' [.]

squirt
txumtsä'wll (txumcä'wll) n. /tʼum.tsæʔ.wl̩/, pl. tumtsä'wll [SG text] Reclining Flask ("poison-squirting plant")

tse'a (ce'a) v. /tsɛ.ˈʔa/, infix ts·e'·a [.]

see (with the eyes)
srese'a v. /srɛ.sɛ.ˈa/, infix sres·e'·a [.] tell the future, prophesize

tsenge, tseng (cege, ceg) n. /ˈtsɛ.ŋɛ, ˈtsɛŋ/, pl. senge, seng

a place
tsengpe (cegpe) adv. /tsɛŋ.pɛ/ where? (= peseng)
peseng (peseg) adv. /pɛ.sɛŋ/ where? (= tsengpe)
fìtseng (fìceg) n. /fɪ.ˈtsɛŋ/, pl. fayseng here (lit. "this place")
tsatseng (caceg) n. /tsa.tsɛŋ/, pl. ?? there (lit. "that place")
zongtseng (zogceg) n. /zoŋ.tsɛŋ/ a safe place, refuge

tseo (ceo) n. /tsɛ.o/

art
pamtseo (pamceo) n. /pam.tsɛ.o/ music

tsìng (cìg) num. /ˈtsɪŋ/, attr. tsìnga N. atsìng

four
vosìng num. /vo.ˈsɪŋ/, attr. vosìnga N. avosìng twelve (octal 14)
tsìvol (cìvol) num. /ˈtsɪ.vol/, attr. tsìvola N. atsìvol thirty-two (octal 40)
tsìzam num. /ˈtsɪ.zam/, attr. tsìzama N. atsìzam two-hundred fifty-six (octal 400)

Tskaha (Ckaha) n. /ˈtska.ha/

(a clan name)

tsko (cko) n. /ˈtsko/, pl. sko

a bow (weapon)
tskalep (ckalep) n. /tska.lɛp/, pl. skalep [AG] a crossbow
tsko swizaw n. /tsko swi.zaw/ a bow and arrow

tskxe (ckxe) n. /ˈtskʼɛ/, pl. skxe

a rock, stone

tskxekeng (ckxekeg) n. /ˈtskʼɛ.kɛŋ/, pl. skxekeng [FE]

training, exercise

tslam (clam) v. /ˈtslam/, infix tsl··am [.]

understand
"tslolam" /tslo.ˈlam/ Got it. I understand.
txantslusam (txanclusam) adj. /ˈtʼan.tslu.sam/, attr. txantslusama N. atxantslusam wise, much-knowing

tsleng (cleg) adj. /ˈtslɛŋ/, attr. tslenga N. atsleng

false

tsmuk (cmuk) n. /ˈtsmuk/, du. mesmuk, pl. smuk

sibling
tsmuktu (cmuktu) n. /ˈtsmuk.tu/ sibling
tsmukan (cmukan) n. /ˈtsmu.kan/, du. mesmukan, pl. smukan a brother
tsmuke (cmuke) n. /ˈtsmu.kɛ/, du. mesmuke, pl. smuke a sister

tsnì (cnì) conj. /ˈtsnɪ/

that

tsngal (cgal) /ˈtsŋal/

a cup?
tawtsngal (tawcgal) n. /taw.tsŋal/, pl. sawtsngal [SG text] Panopyra (sp. plant, "sky cup")

tsngawvìk (cgawvìk) v. /ˈtsŋaw.vɪk/, infix tsng·awv·ìk [.]

cry (tears), weep

tspang (cpag) v.tr. /ˈtspaŋ/, infix tsp··ang [.]

kill
tìtspang (tìcpag) n. /tɪ.ˈtspæŋ/, pl. sìtspang [AG] a kill, prey

tsranten (cranten) v. /ˈtsɾan.tɛn/, infix tsr·ant·en [.]

matter, be important

tsre'i (cre'i) v. /ˈtsɾɛ.ʔi/, infix tsr·e'·i [.]

throw

tsteu (cteu) adj. /tstɛ.u/, attr. tsteua N. atsteu [tstew]?

brave

tstu (ctu) v. /ˈtstu/, infix tst··u [.]

?
tstu si v. /ˈtstu si/, infix tstu s··i close

tstxo (ctxo) n. /ˈtstʼo/, pl. stxo

name (of a person)

Tsu'tey (Cu'tey) n. /tsuʔ.ˈtɛj/

(a name)

tsun (cun) v. /ˈtsun/, infix ts··un [.]

can, be able
tsunslu (cunslu) v. /ˈtsun.slu/ [.] be possible, may
letsunslu (lecunslu) adj. /lɛ.ˈtsun.slu/, attr. letsunslua N. letsunslu, aletsunslu possible

tsurokx (culokx) v. /tsu.ˈɾokʼ/, infix ts·ur·okx [.]

rest

tswayon (cwayon) v. /ˈtswaj.on/, infix tsw·ay·on [.]

fly

tsyal (cyal) n. /ˈtsjal/, du. mesyal, pl. syal

wing
"ikranä syal" /ik.ˈɾa.næ ˈsjal/ wings of the banshee (plural rather than dual, as banshees have four wings)

tsyo (cyo) /tsjo/

flour ?
tsyorina'wll (cyorina'wll) n. /tsjo.ɾi.naʔ.wl̩/, pl. syorina'wll [SG text] a "cycad" (Pseudocycas; "flour seed plant")

U[edit]

u'imi n. /u.ʔi.mi/ [SG text]

streamers [sg. unattested; presumably 'u'imi]
U'imi Huyutikaya [SG text] a clan name

ulte conj. /ˈul.tɛ/

and

ultxa n. /ul.tʼa/

meeting

unil n. /ˈu.nil/

dream
uniltaron n. /ˈu.nil.ta.ɾon/ Dream Hunt (initiation ceremony)
uniltìrantokx n. /u.nil.tɪ.ˈɾan.tokʼ/ an avatar (dreamwalker body) (tìran to walk, tokx body)
uniltìranyu n. /u.nil.tɪ.ˈɾan.ju/ dreamwalker

upxare n.pl. /u.ˈpʼa.ɾɛ/

Short plural of upxare.

utral n. /ˈut.ɾal/

tree
Utral Aymokriyä n. /ˈut.ɾal aj.ˈmok.ɾi.jæ/ Tree of Voices (mokri a voice)

uvan n. /u.ˈvan/

a game
uvan si v. /u.ˈvan si/, infix uvan s··i [.] play

V[edit]

vay adp. /vaj/ [FM]

up to (a point in space, a point in time, or a number)
"vay set" up to now, still, (with a negative verb) not yet
vaykrr /vaj.kr̩/ until

virä v. /vi.ˈɾæ/, infix v·ir·ä [.]

spread, proliferate

vitra n. /vit.ɾa/

a soul
Ayvitrayä Ramunong (Ramunog) n. /aj.vit.ɾa.jæ ɾa.mu.noŋ/ the Tree of Souls ("well of souls")
Vitrautral n. /vit.ɾa.ut.ɾal/ the Tree of Souls

vol num. /ˈvol/, attr. vola N. avol

eight (octal 10: the base of the numeral system)
volaw num. /vo.ˈlaw/, attr. volawa N. avolaw nine (octal 11)
vomun num. /vo.ˈmun/, attr. vomuna N. avomun ten (octal 12)
vopey num. /vo.ˈpɛj/, attr. vopeya N. avopey eleven (octal 13)
vosìng (vosìg) num. /vo.ˈsɪŋ/, attr. vosìnga N. avosìng twelve (octal 14)
vomrr num. /vo.ˈmr̩/, attr. vomrra N. avomrr thirteen (octal 15)
vofu num. /vo.ˈfu/, attr. vofua N. avofu fourteen (octal 16)
vohin num. /vo.ˈhin/, attr. vohina N. avohin fifteen (octal 17)
mevol num. /ˈmɛ.vol/, attr. mevola N. amevol sixteen (octal 20)
mevolaw num. /mɛ.vo.ˈlaw/, attr. mevolawa N. amevolaw seventeen (octal 21)
pxevol num. /ˈpʼɛ.vol/, attr. pxevola N. apxevol twenty-four (octal 30)
tsìvol (cìvol) num. /ˈtsɪ.vol/, attr. tsìvola N. atsìvol thirty-two (octal 40)
mrrvol num. /ˈmr̩.vol/, attr. mrrvola N. amrrvol forty (octal 50)
puvol num. /ˈpu.vol/, attr. puvola N. apuvol forty-eight (octal 60)
kivol num. /ˈki.vol/, attr. kivola N. akivol fifty-six (octal 70)
vozam num. /vo.zam/, attr. vozama N. avozam five-hundred-twelve (octal 1000)

vrrtep n. /ˈvr̩.tɛp/

a demon

vul n. /ˈvul/

a branch (of a tree)

W[edit]

way n. /ˈwaj/

song
waytelem n. /ˈwaj.tɛ.lɛm/ song chord

wem v. /ˈwɛm/, infix w··em [.]

fight

win adj. /ˈwin/, attr. wina N. awin

fast, quick
nìwin adv. /nɪ.ˈwin/ fast, quickly
win si v.tr. /ˈwin si/, infix win s··i [.] rush, hurry
win säpi v.in. /ˈwin sæ.ˈpi/, infix win säp··i [.] be in a rush, hurry up

wìntxu v. /wɪn.ˈtʼu/, infix w·ìntx·u [.]

to show
fyawìntxu v. /fja.wɪn.ˈtʼu/, infix fyaw·ìntx·u to guide (fya'o 'way')
tìfyawìntxu n. /tɪ.fja.wɪn.ˈtʼu/ guidance

wong (wog) /ˈwoŋ/

?
kewong (kewog) adj. /ˈkɛ.woŋ/, attr. kewonga N. akewong alien
ketuwong (ketuwog) n. /ˈkɛ.tu.woŋ/, pl. hetuwong an alien

wotx /ˈwotʼ/

complete ?
nìwotx adv. /nɪ.ˈwotʼ/ all (of), in toto, completely

wrrpa adv?. /wr̩.pa/

outside

wutso (wuco) n. /wu.tso/

dinner, a served meal

Y[edit]

ya n. /ˈja/

air

yawne adj. /ˈjaw.nɛ/, attr. yawnea N. ayawne [FM]

beloved
"nga yawne lu oer" /ŋa ˈjaw.nɛ lu wɛɾ/ I love you
tìyawn n. /tɪ.ˈjawn/ love

yän v. /ˈjæn/, infix y··än [.]

tie down, fasten (cf. yìm)

ye'rìn adv. /ˈjɛʔ.ɾɪn/

soon

ye'ung (ye'ug) /jɛ.ʔuŋ/

?
keye'ung (keye'ug) n. /kɛ.ˈjɛ.ʔuŋ/ insanity

yem v.tr. /ˈjɛm/, infix y··em [.]

put, place
'awstengyem ('awstegyem) v.tr. /ʔaw.stɛŋ.ˈjɛm/, infix 'awstengy··em [.] join

yerik n. /ˈjɛ.ɾik/

a Hexapede

yey adj. /ˈjɛj/, attr. yeya N. ayey

straight

yìm v. /ˈjɪm/, infix y··ìm [.]

bind (cf. yän)

yol adj. /ˈjol/, attr. yola N. ayol

long (of time)

yom v.tr. /ˈjom/, infix y··om [.]

eat
yomtìng (yomtìg) v.dat. /ˈjom.tɪŋ/, infix yomt··ìng [FE] feed
"nga na'viru yomtìyìng" /ˈŋa ˈnaʔ.vi.ɾu ˈjom.tɪ.jɪŋ/ you will feed the people
yomhì'ang (yomhì'ag) n. /jom.hɪ.ʔaŋ/ [SG text] Dakteron (sp. plant, "eats small animals (bugs)")
yomioang (yomioag) n. /jo.mi.o.aŋ/ [SG text] Chalice Plant ("eats animals")

yur v.tr. /ˈjuɾ/, infix y··ur [.]

wash
yäpur v.in. /jæ.ˈpuɾ/, infix yäp··ur [FE] wash oneself, bathe

Z[edit]

za /za/

? (direction toward speaker)
za'ärìp v. /za.ˈʔæ.ɾɪp/, infix za'·är·ìp [.] pull (’ärìp move)
za'u v. /ˈza.ʔu/, infix z·a'·u [.] come
emza'u v. /ɛm.ˈza.ʔu/, infix emz·a'·u to pass (a test for initiation) (em over)
zusawkrr adv. /zu.saw.kr̩/ (in) the future (krr time)
zamunge (zamuge) v. /za.ˈmu.ŋɛ/, infix zam·ung·e [.] bring (munge take, bring)

zam num. /ˈzam/, attr. zama N. azam

sixty-four (octal 100)
mezam num. /ˈmɛ.zam/, attr. mezama N. amezam hundred-twenty-eight (octal 200)
pxezam num. /ˈpʼɛ.zam/, attr. pxezama N. apxezam hundred-ninety-two (octal 300)
tsìzam (cìzam) num. /ˈtsɪ.zam/, attr. tsìzama N. atsìzam two-hundred fifty-six (octal 400)
mrrzam num. /ˈmr̩.zam/, attr. mrrzama N. amrrzam three-hundred twenty (octal 500)
puzam num. /ˈpu.zam/, attr. puzama N. apuzam three-hundred eighty-four (octal 600)
kizam num. /ˈki.zam/, attr. kizama N. akizam four-hundred forty-eight (octal 700)
vozam num. /vo.zam/, attr. vozama N. avozam five-hundred-twelve (octal 1000)
zazam num. /za.zam/, attr. zazama N. azazam four-thousand-ninety-six (octal 10,000)

zawng (zawg) v. /ˈzawŋ/, infix z··awng [.]

shriek, scream

zekwä n. /zɛk.wæ/

finger

zene v. /ˈzɛ.nɛ/, infix z·en·e [.]

must (modal verb)
zenke v. /ˈzɛŋ.kɛ/, infix z··enke [.] must not
ke zene v. /kɛ.ˈzɛ.nɛ/ [FE] do not need to

zìsìt n. /ˈzɪ.sɪt/

a year
"ayzìsìtä kato" /aj.ˈzɪ.sɪ.tæ ˈka.to/ rhythm of the years

zong (zog) v. /ˈzoŋ/, infix z··ong [.]

save, defend
zongtseng (zogceg) n. /zoŋ.tsɛŋ/ safe place, refuge (tseng place)

zoplo n. /zop.ˈlo/

an offense, an insult

zup v. /ˈzup/, infix z··up [.]

fall
tungzup (tugzup) v. /tuŋ.ˈzup/ drop (tung allow)

External links[edit]

See also[edit]