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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Related to *wōdaz (raging). From a pre-Germanic *Wātónos.

Variant forms[edit]

Scandinavian Odin and English Wednes (in Wednes-day) are not exact cognates but rather continue Common Germanic *Wōdinaz, pre-Germanic *Wātenos.

This suggests a variation of the theonym in early Germanic, *Wōdanaz vs. *Wōdinaz. The form with -i- appears to have been present in Scandinavia and Frisia. The situation in Old English is unclear. The attested Old English forms point to *Wōdanaz, but i-umlauted forms surface in records after the end of the Old English period. Thus, wōdnesdæġ is replaced by continuations of *wēdnesdæġ around AD 1200. The same transition to the umlauted form of the theonym during the 12th or early 13th century (early Middle English) is also found in English placenames, such as Wensley (Wednesleg ca. 1212, earlier Wodnesleie), Wednesbury (Wednesbiri 1227, earlier Wadnesberie, Wodnesberia), Wednesfield (Wednesfeld 1251, earlier Wodnesfelde).


  • IPA(key): /ˈwɔː.ðɑ.nɑz/

Proper noun[edit]

*Wōdanaz m

  1. Woden or Odin, the Germanic supreme god. Identified in later times with the Roman god Mercury.


Derived terms[edit]


  • Old English: Wōden
  • Old Frisian: Wēda
  • Old Saxon: Wōdan
    • Middle Saxon/Middle Low German: Wode
    • Dutch: Wodan
  • Old Dutch: Wuodan
    • Middle Dutch: *Woeden; *Woen
  • Old High German: Wōtan, Wuotan
  • Old Norse Óðinn
    • Icelandic: Óðinn
    • Faroese: Óðin
    • Norwegian: Odin
    • Swedish: Oden
    • Danish: Odin (borrowed; for the ‘correct’ Danish form Oden cf. the Danish town Odense, from Old Norse Odins vé ‘Odin’s sanctuary’)
      • Dutch: Odin (borrowed from one of the Scandinavian languages or from English)
    • English: Odin (borrowed)