Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ǵénus

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Noun[edit]

*ǵénus f[2][3]

  1. cheek
  2. jaw
  3. chin

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, amphikinetic
singular
nominative *ǵénus
genitive *ǵn̥wés
singular dual plural
nominative *ǵénus *ǵénuh₁(e) *ǵénewes
vocative *ǵénu *ǵénuh₁(e) *ǵénewes
accusative *ǵénum *ǵénuh₁(e) *ǵénuns
genitive *ǵn̥wés *? *ǵn̥wóHom
ablative *ǵn̥wés *? *ǵnumós
dative *ǵn̥wéy *? *ǵnumós
locative *ǵnéw, *ǵnéwi *? *ǵnusú
instrumental *ǵn̥wéh₁ *? *ǵnubʰí

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic:
  • Celtic: *genus (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *kinnuz (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian: *ĵʰánuš (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic:
  • Phrygian: [script needed] (azon)
  • Tocharian:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill