γνάθος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ǵn̥h₂dʰ-os, from the root *ǵneh₂dʰ-, or from *ǵénu- (jaw, cheek, chin). Cognate with Lithuanian žándas. See also the Ancient Greek γένυς (génus), from a related Indo-European root. On the other hand, Beekes suggested a non-IE, Pre-Greek origin, as normal phonological changes would have yielded *γνᾱθος (*gnāthos).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ɡná.tʰos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈɡna.tʰos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈɣna.θos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈɣna.θos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈɣna.θos/
  • Noun[edit]

    γνᾰ́θος (gnáthosf (genitive γνᾰ́θου); second declension

    1. jaw
      1. narrow strait
    2. point, edge
    3. type of stone

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    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek γνάθος (gnáthos), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵnH₂dʰ-, *ǵnH₂dʰos, from *ǵénu- (jaw, cheek, chin).

    Noun[edit]

    γνάθος (gnáthosf (plural γνάθοι)

    1. jawbone (mandible or maxilla)

    Declension[edit]

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    Further reading[edit]

    • γνάθος in Triantafyllides, Hidryma (1998) Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek]