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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]



  1. wild
  2. wild animal

Derived terms[edit]

  • *ǵʰwḗr (< **ǵʰwér-s)
    • Hellenic: *kʷʰḗr (see there for further descendants)
  • *ǵʰwér-os
  • *ǵʰwér-ō (< **ǵʰwér-on-s)
    • Germanic: *berô (bear) (possibly)
  • Unsorted formations:


  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN