Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂éngʷʰis

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

Aspiration of the final consonant of the stem is guaranteed by Old Irish and Armenian forms.

Noun[edit]

*h₂éngʷʰis m ‎(oblique stem *h₂n̥gʷʰéy-)

  1. snake

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *h₂éngʷʰis
genitive *h₂n̥gʷʰéys
singular dual plural
nominative *h₂éngʷʰis *h₂éngʷʰih₁(e) *h₂éngʷʰeyes
vocative *h₂éngʷʰi *h₂éngʷʰih₁(e) *h₂éngʷʰeyes
accusative *h₂éngʷʰim *h₂éngʷʰih₁(e) *h₂éngʷʰins
genitive *h₂n̥gʷʰéys *? *h₂n̥gʷʰéyoHom
ablative *h₂n̥gʷʰéys *? *h₂n̥gʷʰímos
dative *h₂n̥gʷʰéyey *? *h₂n̥gʷʰímos
locative *h₂n̥gʷʰéy, *h₂n̥gʷʰḗy *? *h₂n̥gʷʰísu
instrumental *h₂n̥gʷʰíh₁ *? *h₂n̥gʷʰíbʰi

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: աւձ ‎(awj)
      • Armenian: օձ ‎(ōj)
    • (possibly) Armenian: անգի ‎(angi, thin, emaciated)
  • Balto-Slavic: *angi(o)s, *angi(a)s
  • Celtic:
    • Old Irish: escung ‎(eel) < "water snake", with -ung < *angʷʰō
    • Welsh: llysyw(en)
  • Italic:
  • Germanic:
    • Old High German: unc
  • Iranian:
    • Persian: یغنیج ‎(yağnij, grass snake) (archaic)

References[edit]