Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/mréǵʰus

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Adjective[edit]

*mréǵʰus[1]

  1. short
  2. brief

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, proterokinetic
masculine feminine
nominative *mréǵʰus *mr̥ǵʰéwih₂
genitive *mr̥ǵʰéws *mr̥ǵʰuyéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *mréǵʰus *mréǵʰuh₁(e) *mréǵʰewes
vocative *mréǵʰu *mréǵʰuh₁(e) *mréǵʰewes
accusative *mréǵʰum *mréǵʰuh₁(e) *mréǵʰuns
genitive *mr̥ǵʰéws *? *mr̥ǵʰéwoHom
ablative *mr̥ǵʰéws *? *mr̥ǵʰúmos
dative *mr̥ǵʰéwey *? *mr̥ǵʰúmos
locative *mr̥ǵʰéw, *mr̥ǵʰéwi *? *mr̥ǵʰúsu
instrumental *mr̥ǵʰúh₁ *? *mr̥ǵʰúbʰi
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *mr̥ǵʰéwih₂ *mr̥ǵʰéwih₂h₁(e) *mr̥ǵʰéwih₂es
vocative *mr̥ǵʰéwih₂ *mr̥ǵʰéwih₂h₁(e) *mr̥ǵʰéwih₂es
accusative *mr̥ǵʰéwih₂m̥ *mr̥ǵʰéwih₂h₁(e) *mr̥ǵʰéwih₂n̥s
genitive *mr̥ǵʰuyéh₂s *? *mr̥ǵʰuyéh₂oHom
ablative *mr̥ǵʰuyéh₂s *? *mr̥ǵʰuyéh₂mos
dative *mr̥ǵʰuyéh₂ey *? *mr̥ǵʰuyéh₂mos
locative *mr̥ǵʰuyéh₂, *mr̥ǵʰuyéh₂i *? *mr̥ǵʰuyéh₂su
instrumental *mr̥ǵʰuyéh₂h₁ *? *mr̥ǵʰuyéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *mréǵʰu *mréǵʰwih₁ *mréǵʰuh₂
vocative *mréǵʰu *mréǵʰwih₁ *mréǵʰuh₂
accusative *mréǵʰu *mréǵʰwih₁ *mréǵʰuh₂
genitive *mr̥ǵʰéws *? *mr̥ǵʰéwoHom
ablative *mr̥ǵʰéws *? *mr̥ǵʰúmos
dative *mr̥ǵʰéwey *? *mr̥ǵʰúmos
locative *mr̥ǵʰéw, *mr̥ǵʰéwi *? *mr̥ǵʰúsu
instrumental *mr̥ǵʰúh₁ *? *mr̥ǵʰúbʰi

Descendants[edit]

  • Germanic: *murguz (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
  • Italic: *breɣʷis
    • Latin: brevis (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press