Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/tak ~ dak

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *tjək (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *tak ⪤ *dak (Matisoff, STEDT); *dak (Mortensen, 2012); *d-rak, *tak=*trak (LaPolla, 1987); *trak ~ *tak (Weidert, 1987; Benedict, 1972); *trɑk ~ *tɑk (Chou, 1972)

NB: Some Tibeto-Burman languages have a variant (or a different etymon) with *r-initial. Some (e.g. Schuessler, 2007) posit *t- ~ *r- proto-variation in this root, akin to the *r- variant in *m-t(w)əj ~ m-ti-s (water).


*tak ~ dak

  1. to weave, to plait


  • Old Chinese: /*tək/ (B-S) ("to weave"), /*tək-s/ (B-S) ("woven cloth")
    • Middle Chinese: (t͡ɕɨk, t͡ɕɨH)
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (zhī, /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/, to weave)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese: *rak ⪤ *tak/*dak ⪤ *k-rak (LaPolla, 1987)
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: ရက် (rak, to weave) (see note above)