Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/tęžьkъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *tę̑gъkъ, *tęgъka̍, *tę̑gъko (definite *tęgъkъ̀jь), with medial *-ž- taken from the comparative form *tęžьjь. Further from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ting-, from Proto-Indo-European *tn̥gʰ-, zero-grade of *tengʰ-. Morphologically as *tę̑gъ, tęga̍, *tę̑go +‎ *-ьkъ.

Direct cognates are Lithuanian tingùs ‎(lazy) and Proto-Germanic *þunguz (Old Norse þungr ‎(heavy)). Further cognate with Proto-Iranian *θanǰ-.

Adjective[edit]

*tęžьkъ ‎(comparative *tęžьjь)

  1. heavy (great weight)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 494
  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “тяжелый”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • tingus in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė
  • Gluhak, Alemko (1993) Hrvatski etimološki rječnik (in Serbo-Croatian), Zagreb: August Cesarec, page 624f