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This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. fish


  • Samoyedic: *kålä
    • Nganasan: колы
    • Enets:
      • Forest Enets: [script needed] ‎(kare)
      • Tundra Enets: [script needed] ‎(kaře)
    • Nenets:
      • Tundra Nenets: халя ‎(xaľa)
      • Forest Nenets: [Term?]
    • Selkup: ӄәлы ‎(qëly)
    • Kamassian: [script needed] ‎(kʰōla)
    • Mator: [script needed] ‎(kalä)
  • Ugric:
    • Hungarian: hal
    • Khanty:
      • Northern, Eastern: хул ‎(xul)
      • Southern: [script needed] ‎(xuť)
    • Mansi:
      • Northern, Eastern: хул ‎(xūl)
      • Western: [script needed] ‎(kul)
      • Southern: [script needed] ‎(kōl)
  • Mari: кол ‎(kol)
  • Mordvinic:
  • Samic: *kuolē (see there for further descendants)
  • Finnic: *kala (see there for further descendants)


External links[edit]

  • Entry #228 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.