Appendix talk:Proto-Indo-European/dyew-

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More cognates[edit]

More cognates here. I add Lithuanian dievas. --Fsojic (talk) 16:47, 19 October 2012 (UTC)

Are you sure that is not from *deywós? —CodeCat 16:48, 19 October 2012 (UTC)
Not at all, I have wondered. I remove it until we are sure. --Fsojic (talk) 17:01, 19 October 2012 (UTC)
The same question should be asked about the Old Church Slavonic word. It looks like a direct descendant from *deywós, too. However, it seems to be attested with the meaning "demon" sometimes, and has often been suggested to be a borrowing from Iranian, thus only indirectly from the PIE protoform; in any way, the meaning "astonishment, wonder" that we give does not fit either etymology. --Florian Blaschke (talk) 20:13, 4 November 2012 (UTC)


I'm sure the root is rather *dey- (which per Beekes cannot be the same as *deyh₂- ‎(to shine)). This way the connection with "dei-n-" in BSl is far less ad-hoc.
I believe that this root should be rather interpreted as *dey-w-, with *deywós being an early thematicization, perhaps still within PIE. The original inflection would therefore be better seen as a regular hysterokinetic:
Nom. Sg. - déy-u-
Acc. Sg. - di-éw-m
Gen. Sg. - di-w-éś

This possibility is discussed in Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 499
--Itsacatfish (talk) 07:24, 8 July 2015 (UTC)