Celtae

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek Κελτοί (Keltoí), Κελταί (Keltaí), Herodotus’ word for the Gauls, from Proto-Celtic *kel-to, from *kellāko- (fight, war), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₂- (to strike, beat). Compare Gaulish theonym *Su-cellus (good striker)[1].

Possibly related to Gallus (a Gaul).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Celtae m pl (genitive Celtārum); first declension

  1. the Celts (inhabitants of Gaul)

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun, plural only.

Case Plural
Nominative Celtae
Genitive Celtārum
Dative Celtīs
Accusative Celtās
Ablative Celtīs
Vocative Celtae

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*kellāko-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 199: “*kellāko- 'fight, war'”.