From Arabic رَبِيع (rabīʿ, “spring”). A near homophone is Arabic رَابِعَة (rābiʿa), the feminine of رَابِع (rābiʿ, “fourth”), from أَرْبَعَة (ʾarbaʿa, “four”). Hence Rabia can also mean "the fourth female".
- A female given name used by Muslims, meant to symbolize the beginning of life, hope and the advent of happiness after a dark winter. The name of the first female Sufi saint, Rabia Basri.
- The name used by Muslims to refer to the Biblical character Rebekah.