Reconstruction:Ashokan Prakrit/𑀔𑀸𑀟

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This Ashokan Prakrit entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Ashokan Prakrit[edit]


Somehow related to Sanskrit कर्त (kartá, hole), काट (kāṭá), गर्त (gárta), but Mayrhofer ties these to Proto-Indo-Iranian *kártas (whence Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬴𐬀(kaṣ̌a)).[1] The variety of forms of this term throughout Indo-Aryan point to a substrate borrowing.

There appears to be conflation with a very similar Ashokan Prakrit *𑀔𑀟𑁆𑀟 (*khaḍḍa). Punjabi, however, does not reflect a geminated consonant in this set of cognates.


*𑀔𑀸𑀟 (*khāḍam

  1. hole, hollow


  • Maharastri Prakrit: *𑀔𑀸𑀟 (*khāḍa)
  • Paisaci Prakrit:
    • Punjabi: ਖਾਡ਼ (khāṛ, level land at the foot of a mountain)
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: *𑀔𑀸𑀟 (*khāḍa)
    • Romani: xar (hole)

Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred, “kartá-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, 1992–2001, page 317

Further reading[edit]