Reconstruction:Proto-Algonquian/neʔθwi

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This Proto-Algonquian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Algonquian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from the same Proto-Algic root as Wiyot rik- (dik-) (three) and Yurok nahkse(C) (three). Compare Proto-Algic *nikhšeme· (thrice, three times), whence Wiyot rikhbé (dikhbé), Yurok nahksemi (three times).

It has been observed that "the numbers from ‘one’ to ‘five’ all contain a semantically empty initial (root) *ny-, realized as *ne- before a consonant".[1]

Numeral[edit]

*neʔθwi

  1. three (3)

Descendants[edit]

  • Plains Algonquian:
    • Blackfoot: niuóka (three (when counting))
    • Cheyenne: na'ha (three times, thrice)
  • Central Algonquian:
    • Menominee: nɛqniw (three)
    • Ojibwe: niswi (three), alternatively nisin (three) NW, niso (three) WO (likely a Cree loanword).
    • Fox: nethwi (three)
    • Miami: nihswi (three)
  • Eastern Algonquian:
    • Abenaki: nas (three)
    • Mohegan-Pequot: shwi (three)
    • Munsee: nxáh (three)
    • Unami: naxa (three)
    • probably Pamlico nish-wonner (three)

References[edit]

  • Bloomfield (1946)
  • Ningewance, Patricia M. Zagataagan: A Northern Ojibwe Dictionary. Anishaabemowin Ikidowinan gaa-niibidebii'igaadegin dago gaye ewemitigoozhiibii'igaadegin (2009)
  1. ^ Essays in Algonquian, Catawban, And Siouan Linguistics →ISBN, 2003), page 98: "the numbers from ‘one’ to ‘five’ all contain a semantically empty initial (root) *ny-, realized as *ne- before a consonant (PA *nye- and *ni- do not occur), and *-w-i is descriptively segmentable."