Reconstruction:Proto-Finnic/külmä

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This Proto-Finnic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Finnic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finno-Permic *külmä, possibly borrowed from Baltic (compare Lithuanian geluma), and if so, ultimately derived from Proto-Indo-European *gel-. Cognates include Komi-Permyak кын (kyn) and Proto-Samic *këlmētēk (to be cold).

Adjective[edit]

*külmä

  1. cold

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Estonian: külm
  • Finnish: kylmä
  • Ingrian: kylmä
  • Karelian: kylmä
  • Livonian: kīlma
  • Livvi: kylmy
  • Veps: kül'm
  • Võro: külm
  • Votic: tšülme

References[edit]

  • Itkonen, Erkki; Kulonen, Ulla-Maija, editors (1992–2000) Suomen sanojen alkuperä [The origin of Finnish words]‎[1] (in Finnish), [note: linked online version also includes some other etymological sources], Helsinki: Institute for the Languages of Finland/Finnish Literature Society, →ISBN