Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ǵéwseti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *ǵews- (to taste, try).

Verb[edit]

*ǵéwseti (imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to taste, try, choose

Inflection[edit]

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *ǵéwseti
3rd plural *ǵéwsonti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *ǵéwsoh₂ *ǵéwsom *ǵéwsōh₂ *ǵéwsoyh₁m̥
2nd singular *ǵéwsesi *ǵéwses *ǵéwse *ǵéwsēsi *ǵéwsoys
3rd singular *ǵéwseti *ǵéwset *ǵéwsetu *ǵéwsēti *ǵéwsoyt
1st dual *ǵéwsowos *ǵéwsowe *ǵéwsōwos *ǵéwsoywe
2nd dual *ǵéwsetes *ǵéwsetom *ǵéwsetom *ǵéwsētes *ǵéwsoytom
3rd dual *ǵéwsetes *ǵéwsetām *ǵéwsetām *ǵéwsētes *ǵéwsoytām
1st plural *ǵéwsomos *ǵéwsome *ǵéwsōmos *ǵéwsoyme
2nd plural *ǵéwsete *ǵéwsete *ǵéwsete *ǵéwsēte *ǵéwsoyte
3rd plural *ǵéwsonti *ǵéwsont *ǵéwsontu *ǵéwsōnti *ǵéwsoyh₁n̥t
Participle *ǵéwsonts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *ǵéwsoh₂er *ǵéwsoh₂e *ǵéwsōh₂er *ǵéwsoyh₂e
2nd singular *ǵéwseth₂er *ǵéwseth₂e *ǵéwseso *ǵéwsēth₂er *ǵéwsoyth₂e
3rd singular *ǵéwsetor *ǵéwseto *? *ǵéwsētor *ǵéwsoyto, *ǵéwsoyh₁o
1st dual *ǵéwsowosdʰh₂ *ǵéwsowedʰh₂ *ǵéwsōwosdʰh₂ *ǵéwsoywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *ǵéwsomosdʰh₂ *ǵéwsomedʰh₂ *ǵéwsōmosdʰh₂ *ǵéwsoymedʰh₂
2nd plural *ǵéwsedʰh₂we *ǵéwsedʰh₂we *ǵéwsedʰh₂we *ǵéwsēdʰh₂we *ǵéwsoydʰh₂we
3rd plural *ǵéwsoror, *ǵéwsontor *ǵéwsoro, *ǵéwsonto *? *ǵéwsōror, *ǵéwsōntor *ǵéwsoyro, *ǵéwsoyh₁n̥to
Participle *ǵéwsomnos

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*g̑eu̯s-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 166-167
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*keusan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 286
  3. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*gus-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 169
  4. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*zauš”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 473