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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]


*dayh₂wḗr m[8][9][10]

  1. brother-in-law, husband’s brother


Athematic, hysterokinetic
nominative *dayh₂wḗr
genitive *dayh₂urés
singular dual plural
nominative *dayh₂wḗr *dayh₂wérh₁(e) *dayh₂wéres
vocative *dayh₂wér *dayh₂wérh₁(e) *dayh₂wéres
accusative *dayh₂wérm̥ *dayh₂wérh₁(e) *dayh₂wérm̥s
genitive *dayh₂urés *? *dayh₂uróHom
ablative *dayh₂urés *? *dayh₂urmós
dative *dayh₂uréy *? *dayh₂urmós
locative *dayh₂wér, *dayh₂wéri *? *dayh₂ursú
instrumental *dayh₂uréh₁ *? *dayh₂urbʰí



  1. 1.0 1.1 Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “ta(y)gr”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 600-602
  2. 2.0 2.1 Derksen, Rick (2008), “*dě̀verь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 105
  3. 3.0 3.1 Derksen, Rick (2015), “dieveris”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 128
  4. 4.0 4.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*taikwer-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 506
  5. 5.0 5.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “δᾱήρ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 296
  6. 6.0 6.1 Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992), “devár-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 743-744
  7. 7.0 7.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “lēvir/laevir”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 336
  8. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008), “*dai̯u̯ér-/*dai̯u̯r-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 58-60
  9. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997), “*daihₐu̯ér”, in Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, pages 84-85
  10. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, page 69
  11. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (2011) The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project)‎[1], Leiden University