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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.






  1. to be hot
  2. to burn

Reconstruction notes


This may actually be the same root as *h₂eh₁- (see *h₂ed-, *h₂eHs-), considering there is uncertainty concerning the vocalic outcomes of a conflict in coloring rules from two different laryngeals.[1] Moreover, the reconstruction of *h₂eh₃mós is highly controversial, as is its affiliation with words meaning “hot, heat, burn”, and several of its listed descendants are not universally agreed to reflect the same root.

Derived terms



  1. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) “astare”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 36–37