Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ksen-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Reanalysed root of *kés-r̥ ~ *ks-én-s, from *kes- (to scrape, comb) +‎ *-r̥ (n-stem).

Root[edit]

*ksen- (imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to card, scratch

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *ksen- not found
  • *ksén-e-ti ~ *ksén-onti (thematic root present)
  • *ksn̥-yé-ti ~ *ksn̥-yonti (zero-grade *yé-present)[2][3]
  • *ksén-ti-s ~ ksn̥-téy-s[1]
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: sentis (thorn) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ksén-tu-s ~ ksn̥-téw-s
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: sentus (thorny) (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “ks-en-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 585
  2. 2.0 2.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*ksen-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 371
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ξαίνω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1033