Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/mért

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Athematic root aorist of *mer-.

Verb[edit]

*mért (perfective)[1]

  1. to die

Inflection[edit]

Perfective, athematic
3rd singular *mért
3rd plural *m̥rént
Active voice Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *mérm̥ *méroh₂ *mr̥yéh₁m̥
2nd singular *mérs *mér, *mr̥dʰí *méresi *mr̥yéh₁s
3rd singular *mért *mértu *méreti *mr̥yéh₁t
1st dual *mr̥wé *mérowos *m̥rih₁wé
2nd dual *mr̥tóm *mr̥tóm *méretes *m̥rih₁tóm
3rd dual *mr̥tā́m *mr̥tā́m *méretes *m̥rih₁tā́m
1st plural *mr̥mé *méromos *m̥rih₁mé
2nd plural *mr̥té *mr̥té *mérete *m̥rih₁té
3rd plural *m̥rént *m̥réntu *méronti *m̥rih₁ént
Participle *m̥rónts
Middle voice Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *mr̥h₂é *méroh₂er *m̥rih₁h₂é
2nd singular *mr̥th₂é *mr̥só *méreth₂er *m̥rih₁th₂é
3rd singular *mr̥tó, *m̥ró *? *méretor *m̥rih₁tó, *m̥rih₁ó
1st dual *mr̥wédʰh₂ *mérowosdʰh₂ *m̥rih₁wédʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *?
1st plural *mr̥médʰh₂ *méromosdʰh₂ *m̥rih₁médʰh₂
2nd plural *mr̥dʰh₂wé *mr̥dʰh₂wé *méredʰh₂we *m̥rih₁dʰh₂wé
3rd plural *mr̥ró, *m̥rn̥tó *? *méroror, *mérontor *m̥rih₁ró, *m̥rih₁n̥tó
Participle *m̥rm̥h₁nós

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “mer-zi / mar-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 667-668
  2. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “meṙanim”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 463