Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/negʷ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*negʷ-[1]

  1. bare, naked

Derived terms[edit]


  • *nogʷ-ó-s[2][3]
    • Balto-Slavic: *nōˀgás (see there for further descendants)
    • Sanskrit: नाग (nāgá-, elephant; *the hairless one)[4]
    • *nogʷ-éh₂-ye-ti
      • Germanic: *nakwōną (see there for further descendants)
  • *nogʷ-e/odʰo-[5][6][4]
  • *nógʷts, *négʷts = *nókʷts (possibly)
  • *ne/ogʷ-nós[1][4]
    • Indo-Iranian: *nagnás[7] (see there for further descendants)
  • *ne/ogʷ-mós
    • Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [script needed] (nekumant-)
    • Hellenic:
  • *nogʷ-tó-s[1][8]
    • Celtic: *noxtos (naked) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:

Notes[edit]

Perhaps because of its expressive meaning the word was subject to a good deal of morphological and occasionally phonological reshaping.[4]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008) Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 513–515
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 769
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 339
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 45
  5. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Kroonen
  6. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 418
  7. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 6
  8. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 294
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 463–465