Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/pléth₂os

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *pleth₂- (flat) +‎ *-os.

Noun[edit]

*pléth₂os n (oblique stem *pléth₂es-)[1][2][3]

  1. breadth

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *pléth₂os
genitive *pléth₂esos
singular dual plural
nominative *pléth₂os *pléth₂esih₁ *pléth₂ōs
vocative *pléth₂os *pléth₂esih₁ *pléth₂ōs
accusative *pléth₂os *pléth₂esih₁ *pléth₂ōs
genitive *pléth₂esos *? *pléth₂esoHom
ablative *pléth₂esos *? *pléth₂esmos
dative *pléth₂esey *? *pléth₂esmos
locative *pléth₂es, *pléth₂esi *? *pléth₂esu
instrumental *pléth₂esh₁ *? *pléth₂esbʰi

Descendants[edit]

  • Celtic: *ɸletos (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: (the first vowel by analogy with πλᾰτύς (platús))
  • Indo-Iranian: *prátʰas (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008), “*pleth₂-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 564-566
  2. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, pages 83, 133, 539
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πλατύς”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1205