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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to moisten
  2. to filter

Derived terms[edit]

  • *séykʷ-t ~ *sikʷ-ént (athematic root aorist)
    • Proto-Germanic: *sīhwaną (to filter) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sikʷ-éh₁-ti ~ *sikʷ-éh₁-n̥ti (*eh₁-stative)
    • Proto-Slavic: *sьcati (to piss) (see there for further descendants)
  • *si-né-kʷ-ti ~ *si-n-kʷ-énti (nasal-infix present)
  • *sik-méh₂-s
    • Proto-Hellenic: *hikmás
      • Ancient Greek: ἰκμάς (ikmás, wetness, moisture, secretion)
  • Unsorted formations
    • Proto-Germanic: *saiwiz (sea)
    • Sanskrit: सेक (seka, sprinkling)


  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN