Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/tégus

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

*teg- +‎ *-us

Adjective[edit]

*tégus[1][2]

  1. thick

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, proterokinetic
masculine feminine
nominative *tégus *tgéwih₂
genitive *tgéws *tguyéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *tégus *téguh₁(e) *tégewes
vocative *tégu *téguh₁(e) *tégewes
accusative *tégum *téguh₁(e) *tégums
genitive *tgéws *? *tgéwoHom
ablative *tgéws *? *tgúmos
dative *tgéwey *? *tgúmos
locative *tgéw, *tgéwi *? *tgúsu
instrumental *tgúh₁ *? *tgúbʰi
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *tgéwih₂ *tgéwih₂h₁(e) *tgéwih₂es
vocative *tgéwih₂ *tgéwih₂h₁(e) *tgéwih₂es
accusative *tgéwih₂m̥ *tgéwih₂h₁(e) *tgéwih₂m̥s
genitive *tguyéh₂s *? *tguyéh₂oHom
ablative *tguyéh₂s *? *tguyéh₂mos
dative *tguyéh₂ey *? *tguyéh₂mos
locative *tguyéh₂, *tguyéh₂i *? *tguyéh₂su
instrumental *tguyéh₂h₁ *? *tguyéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *tégu *tégwih₁ *téguh₂
vocative *tégu *tégwih₁ *téguh₂
accusative *tégu *tégwih₁ *téguh₂
genitive *tgéws *? *tgéwoHom
ablative *tgéws *? *tgúmos
dative *tgéwey *? *tgúmos
locative *tgéw, *tgéwi *? *tgúsu
instrumental *tgúh₁ *? *tgúbʰi

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Celtic: *tegus (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *þekuz (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*tegu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 377
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*þeku-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 537