Reconstruction:Proto-Italic/kawēō

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This Proto-Italic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Italic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewh₁- (to perceive, pay attention).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

*kawēō[1]

  1. to beware, to be mindful of

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of *kawēō (second conjugation stative)
Present *kawēō
Perfect
Past participle *kautos
Present indicative Active Passive
1st sing. *kawēō *kawēōr
2nd sing. *kawēs *kawēzo
3rd sing. *kawēt *kawētor
1st plur. *kawēmos *kawēmor
2nd plur. *kawētes *kawēm(e?)n(ai?)
3rd plur. *kawēnt *kawēntor
Present subjunctive Active Passive
1st sing. *kawēām *kawēār
2nd sing. *kawēās *kawēāzo
3rd sing. *kawēād *kawēātor
1st plur. *kawēāmos *kawēāmor
2nd plur. *kawēātes *kawēām(e?)n(ai?)
3rd plur. *kawēānd *kawēāntor
Perfect indicative Active
1st sing.
2nd sing.
3rd sing.
1st plur.
2nd plur.
3rd plur.
Present imperative Active Passive
2nd sing. *kawē *kawēzo
2nd plur. *kawēte
Future imperative Active
2nd + 3rd sing. *kawētōd
Participles Present Past
*kawēnts *kautos
Verbal nouns tu-derivative s-derivative
*kautum *kawēzi

Descendants[edit]

  • Latin: caveō

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill