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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to perceive
  2. to observe

Derived terms[edit]

  • *(s)kewsḱ-
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: ցոյց (cʿoycʿ)
        • Armenian: ցույց (cʿuycʿ)
  • *(s)kéwh₁-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Proto-Slavic: *čuti (see there for further descendants)
  • *(s)kuh₁-é-ti (thematic "tudati"-type root present)
  • *(s)kowh₁-éye-ti (causative)
  • *(s)kewh₁-éh₁-(ye)-ti (stative)
  • *(s)kowh₁-is
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *káwHiš (see there for further descendants)
  • *(s)kowh₁-nis
  • *(s)kowh₁-os
  • Unsorted formations:


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009) Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press