Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/káwHiš

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This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-Iranian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *(s)kówh₁is, from *(s)kewh₁- (to perceive, observe) +‎ *-is (deverbal noun suffix).

Noun[edit]

*káwHiš m

  1. seer, poet
  2. institutor of religious rites

Declension[edit]

masculine i-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *káwHiš *káwHiH *káwHayas
vocative *káwHay *káwHiH *káwHayas
accusative *káwHim *káwHiH *káwHīn, -īš
instrumental *káwHiH *káwHibʰyām *káwHibʰiš
ablative *káwHayš *káwHibʰyām *káwHibʰyas
dative *káwHayay *káwHibʰyām *káwHibʰyas
genitive *káwHayš *káwHyawš *káwHayām?
locative *káwHā(w)? *káwHyawš *káwHišu

Descendants[edit]

  • Indo-Aryan: *kawHíṣ
    • Sanskrit: कवि (kaví, poet, teacher of the Vedas)
  • Iranian: *káwHiš
    • Avestan: 𐬐𐬀𐬎𐬎𐬌(kauui, poet, bard)
      • Middle Persian: [script needed] (kd /kay/, title of the dynasty of Wištāsp, Kayanian)
        • Persian: کی(kay)
    • Parthian: 𐫞𐫀𐫇(qʾw /kaw/, prince, lord; giant)
    • Middle Persian: 𐫞𐫀𐫇(qʾw /kaw/, prince, lord; giant)
    • Sogdian: [script needed] (qwy, giant)
    • Khotanese: [script needed] (kai, heroic; ārya-monk)
    • Old Armenian: սկայ (skay, giant)

Adjective[edit]

*káwHiš

  1. insightful, wise

References[edit]

  • Prods Oktor Skjærvø (2013) , “KAYĀNIĀN i. Kavi: Avestan kauui, Pahlavi kay”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition[1], New York
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) , “kaví (2964)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press
  • Szemerényi, Oswald (1970) , “Iranica III (Nos. 32-43)”, in Mary Boyce, Ilya Gershevitch, editors, W.B. Henning memorial volume, London: Lund Humphries, page 426