Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/sěverъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *śḗˀwer-/*śjáˀur-, from Proto-Indo-European ḱeh₁wer-o-. Baltic cognates include Lithuanian šiaurỹs (north wind), Lithuanian šiáurė (north). Indo-European cognates include Latin caurus (northwestern wind) < *ḱh₁wer-o-.

Noun[edit]

*sě̀verъ m

  1. north

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • West Slavic:
    • Old Czech: sěver
    • Slovak: sever
    • Sorbian:
      • Upper Sorbian: sowjer (high-altitude haze) (sewjer (north) is a 19th-century borrowing from Czech[1])

References[edit]

  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, pages 448–449
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “север”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  1. ^ Derksen (2008), p.449.